Variance Dispersion and Correlation Swaps
In the recent years, banks have sold structured products such as Worst-of options, Everest and Himalayas, resulting in a short correlation exposure. They have hence become interested in offsetting part of this exposure, namely buying back correlation. Two ways have been proposed for such a strategy : either pure correlation swaps or dispersion trades, taking position in an index option and the opposite position in the components options. These dispersion trades have been traded using calls, puts, straddles, and they now trade variance swaps as well as third generation volatility products, namely gamma swaps and barrier variance swaps. When considering a dispersion trade via variance swaps, one immediately sees that it gives a correlation exposure. But it has empirically been showed that the implied correlation - in such a dispersion trade - was not equal to the strike of a correlation swap with the same maturity. Indeed, the implied correlation tends to be around 10 points higher. The purpose of this paper is to theoretically explain such a spread. In fact, we prove that the P&L of a dispersion trade is equal to the sum of the spread between implied and realised correlation - multiplied by an average variance of the components - and a volatility part. Furthermore, this volatility part is of second order, and, more precisely, is of Volga order. Thus the observed correlation spread can be totally explained by the Volga of the dispersion trade. This result is to be reviewed when considering different weighting schemes for the dispersion trade.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2007|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK|
Phone: 44-20- 76316429
Fax: 44-20- 76316416
Web page: http://www.ems.bbk.ac.uk/
|Order Information:|| Email: |
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Brenner, Menachem & Ou, Ernest Y. & Zhang, Jin E., 2006. "Hedging volatility risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 811-821, March.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bbk:bbkefp:0712. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.