IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Physics of Personal Income


  • Wataru Souma


We report empirical studies on the personal income distribution, and clarify that the distribution pattern of the lognormal with power law tail is the universal structure. We analyze the temporal change of Pareto index and Gibrat index to investigate the change of the inequality of the income distribution. In addition some mathematical models which are proposed to explain the power law distribution are reviewed.

Suggested Citation

  • Wataru Souma, 2002. "Physics of Personal Income," Papers cond-mat/0202388,
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:cond-mat/0202388

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Latest version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jean-Philippe Bouchaud & Marc Mezard, 2000. "Wealth condensation in a simple model of economy," Science & Finance (CFM) working paper archive 500026, Science & Finance, Capital Fund Management.
    2. Bouchaud, Jean-Philippe & M├ęzard, Marc, 2000. "Wealth condensation in a simple model of economy," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 282(3), pages 536-545.
    3. Wataru Souma, 2000. "Universal Structure of the Personal Income Distribution," Papers cond-mat/0011373,
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Roy Cerqueti & Marcel Ausloos, 2014. "Assessing the Inequalities of Wealth in Regions: the Italian Case," Papers 1410.4922,
    2. Igor D. S. Siciliani & Marcelo H. R. Tragtenberg, 2017. "Kinetic theory and Brazilian income distribution," Papers 1709.06480,

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:arx:papers:cond-mat/0202388. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (arXiv administrators). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.