IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/uqseee/125211.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Biodiversity Change and Sustainable Development: New Perspectives

Author

Listed:
  • Tisdell, Clement A.

Abstract

Biodiversity is usually regarded as an asset or resource, the stock of which is partly natural and partly determined by humans. Humans both subtract from and add to this stock and consequently, the change in the stock is heterogeneous. This heterogeneity is not taken account of by some authors who focus only on the loss aspect. Frequently, the conservation of this stock is seen as important for the achievement of sustainable development; sustainable development being defined (but not always acceptably) as a situation on which the welfare of each future generation is no less than that of its preceding generation. Definitions of biodiversity are quite wide but here its focus is restricted to genetic diversity. Humans alter the stock of genetic diversity by eliminating some species or varieties of these and also add to this stock by selective breeding and genetic engineering. Both direct and indirect human impacts on diversity occur. The types of possible changes in the genetic stock are classified in a simple manner. It is pointed out that not all the genetic stock has positive consequences for human welfare because some of the genetic material has negative consequences (e.g. pests) for humankind or for some groups of human beings. This can make its evaluation of the genetic stock difficult. Implications of additions to the genetic stock by human manipulation of it (e.g. by the development of GMOs and selective breeding) are given particular attention. This raises the question of how many future generations should be taken into account in making choices about biodiversity and the manner in which their welfare should be allowed for. For example, should discounting be applied? Also how much precaution is needed to allow for uncertainty, for example, is a safety first rule advisable? These issues are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Tisdell, Clement A., 2012. "Biodiversity Change and Sustainable Development: New Perspectives," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 125211, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uqseee:125211
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/125211
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Tisdell, Clem, 2011. "Biodiversity conservation, loss of natural capital and interest rates," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(12), pages 2511-2515.
    2. Tisdell, Clem, 2003. "Socioeconomic causes of loss of animal genetic diversity: analysis and assessment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 365-376, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:uqseee:125211. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/decuqau.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.