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Effects of Household Socioeconomic Features on Dairy Purchases


  • Blaylock, James R.
  • Smallwood, David M.


Higher income households likely spend less per person on whole and canned milk than do lower income households, but more on most other dairy products, according to this technical analysis of the effect of household socioeconomic features on dairy purchases. For example, a 10-percent increase in income generates a 1.3-percent decline in fresh whole milk expenditures, but a 3.5-percent increase in spending for cream. U.S. region, urbanization, season, and race, age composition, and food stamp status of households also affect spending for the 20 dairy products analyzed. Using the Tobit analytical method, the authors based the study on USDA's 1977-78 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey.

Suggested Citation

  • Blaylock, James R. & Smallwood, David M., 1983. "Effects of Household Socioeconomic Features on Dairy Purchases," Technical Bulletins 157654, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uerstb:157654
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.157654

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    Cited by:

    1. Hayley H. Chouinard & David E. Davis & Jeffrey T. LaFrance & Jeffrey M. Perloff, 2010. "Milk Marketing Order Winners and Losers," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 32(1), pages 59-76.
    2. Brian W. Gould, 1996. "Consumer Promotion and Purchase Timing: The Case of Cheese," Wisconsin-Madison Agricultural and Applied Economics Staff Papers 396, Wisconsin-Madison Agricultural and Applied Economics Department.
    3. Smith, Mark E. & Ravenswaay, Eileen O. van, 1987. "Ethics and the Food System: A Case Study of Heptachlor Contamination of Oahu Milk," Staff Paper Series 200931, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    4. Brian GOULD, 1996. "Consumer Promotion And Purchase Timing: The Case Of Cheese," Staff Papers 396, University of Wisconsin Madison, AAE.
    5. Brian Gould, 1997. "Consumer promotion and purchase timing: the case of cheese," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 445-457.
    6. Brian W. Gould & Huei Chin Lin, 1994. "The demand for cheese in the United States: The role of household composition," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(1), pages 43-59.
    7. Chanjin Chung & Harry M. Kaiser, 2000. "Determinants of temporal variations in generic advertising effectiveness," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(2), pages 197-214.
    8. Blaylock, James R. & Smallwood, David M., 1986. "U.S. Demand for Food: Household Expenditures, Demographics, and Projections," Technical Bulletins 157011, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.


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