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Impacts of Alternative Marketing Agreement Cattle Procurement Volumes on Packer Costs: Evidence from Plant-Level P&L Data

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Listed:
  • Koontz, Stephen R.
  • Muth, Mary K.
  • Lawrence, John D.

Abstract

It has been argued that access to captive supply cattle improve the economic efficiency of beef packing facilities. However, this argument has not been subject to hypothesis testing. This work models the cost efficiencies associated with captive supplies or cattle we refer to as being sourced through alternative marketing agreements (AMAs). We find that slaughter and processing costs are lower ceteris paribus for AMA cattle than for cash market cattle. We find that plants that slaughter cattle from AMA sources operate at higher monthly volumes ceteris paribus and lower average costs per head. And we find that plants that slaughter cattle from AMA sources have more predictable volumes ceteris paribus and have lower average costs per head. If AMAs were limited or prohibited then packing industry efficiency would be negatively impacted and that fed cattle prices would be negatively impacted.

Suggested Citation

  • Koontz, Stephen R. & Muth, Mary K. & Lawrence, John D., 2007. "Impacts of Alternative Marketing Agreement Cattle Procurement Volumes on Packer Costs: Evidence from Plant-Level P&L Data," 2007 Conference, April 16-17, 2007, Chicago, Illinois 37559, NCCC-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:nccsci:37559
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.37559
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/37559/files/confp04-07.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Feuz, Dillon M. & Grimes, Glenn & Koontz, Stephen R. & Lawrence, John D. & Purcell, Wayne D. & Schroeder, Ted C. & Ward, Clement E., 2002. "Comments on Economic Impacts of Proposed Legislation to Prohibit Beef and Pork Packer Ownership, Feeding, or Control of Livestock," Staff General Research Papers Archive 10134, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. French, Ben C., 1977. "The Analysis of Productive Efficiency in Agricultural Marketing: Models, Methods, and Progress," A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature, Volume 1: Traditional Fields of Agricultural Economics 1940s to 1970s,, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    3. Ward, Clement E. & Koontz, Stephen R. & Schroeder, Ted C., 1998. "Impacts From Captive Supplies On Fed Cattle Transaction Prices," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 23(2), pages 1-21, December.
    4. Clement E. Ward, 1990. "Meatpacking plant capacity and utilization: Implications for competition and pricing," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 6(1), pages 65-73.
    5. Schroeter, John R. & Azzam, Azzeddine M., 1999. "Econometric Analysis of Fed Cattle Procurement in the Texas Panhandle," Staff General Research Papers Archive 11365, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    6. John R. Schroeter & Azzeddine Azzam, 2003. "Captive supplies and the spot market price of fed cattle: The plant-level relationship," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(4), pages 489-504.
    7. Ted C. Schroeder & Rodney Jones & James Mintert & Andrew P. Barkley, 1993. "The Impact of Forward Contracting on Fed Cattle Transaction Prices," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 15(2), pages 325-337.
    8. Azzeddine Azzam, 1998. "Captive Supplies, Market Conduct, and the Open-Market Price," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(1), pages 76-83.
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