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Determinants of Farm-Level Conservation Investments in Rwanda


  • Clay, Daniel C.
  • Reardon, Thomas


This paper analyzes the determinants of conservation investments at the farm level in Rwanda. The following tend to be important promoters of investment: (a) own-sources of liquidity, especially from off-farm employment; (b) smaller landholdings; (c) household labour; and, under certain circumstances (d) conservation knowledge (possibly from extension). But insecurity of land tenure (reflected in the share of rented land) tends to decrease investment. The policy implications are: (a) projects and policies aimed at developing off-farm enterprises by farm families can also indirectly promote soil conservation on-farm; this should be important to the Rwanda government and to external donors that are actively pursuing both to promote rural food security; (b) extension service's emphasis on conservation measures has clear pay-offs at the farm level, and also increases the compatibility of conservation and income diversification; (c) the nature of the land market and land tenure policy affect conservation investments.

Suggested Citation

  • Clay, Daniel C. & Reardon, Thomas, 1997. "Determinants of Farm-Level Conservation Investments in Rwanda," 1997 Occasional Paper Series No. 7 198060, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaaeo7:198060
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.198060

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