IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Determinants And Dimensions Of Household Food Insecurity In Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia


  • Tefera, Ejigayhu Sisay


The problem of urban food insecurity in Ethiopia has received little attention despite its increasing importance and far reaching ramifications. High rates of unemployment resulted from sluggish economic growth and low level of investment in urban centers combined with high population growth has negatively affected income earning potentials of the residents. Urban population will continue to grow with its associated problems unless meaningful development interventions backed by research findings are undertaken. Since research findings on factors affecting food insecurity in urban areas are scarce, this research, in particular, fills this research gap. The present study attempts to examine the food insecurity situation, estimate food insecurity gap and severity and identify the determinants of food insecurity in Addis Ababa city at household level. The primary data source for this work was the Addis Ababa urban household socio-economic data collected by undertaking a survey on 140 households. Three stage cluster random sampling technique with proportional to size was used to select respondents from the study area. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics such us mean, standard error, frequency, and percentage. Econometric analysis was used to identify the determinants of food insecurity, and Foster-Greer-Thorbecke model indices were employed to estimate the food insecurity gap and the severity of food insecurity. The descriptive statistics revealed a significant mean difference (p<0.05) between the food secure and food insecure households in terms of household size, age of household vii head, ownership of bank account, household income, kilocalorie available per individual, remittance and gift received and daily food expenditure per adult equivalent but education level of household head was also statistically significant (p<0.01). A Tobit econometric model has identified six out of eleven variables included in the model as significant (p<0.05). Household size, household income, household head age , household head education, ownership of bank account and income from remittance and gift were found to be significant determinants of food insecurity in the study area. The head count ratio computed by FGT model revealed that 47 percent of sample households were food insecured. The food insecurity gap and severity were 16.83 and 6.9 percent, respectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Tefera, Ejigayhu Sisay, 2011. "Determinants And Dimensions Of Household Food Insecurity In Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia," Research Theses 157505, Collaborative Masters Program in Agricultural and Applied Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:cmpart:157505

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Aliber, Michael, 2009. "Exploring Statistics South Africa’s national household surveys as sources of information about household-level food security," Agrekon, Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA), vol. 0(Issue 4), pages 1-26, December.
    2. Maxwell, Daniel G. & Wiebe, Keith D., 1998. "Land Tenure And Food Security: A Review Of Concepts, Evidence, And Methods," Research Papers 12752, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Land Tenure Center.
    3. Ruel, Marie T. & Garrett, James L. & Morris, Saul Sutkover & Maxwell, Daniel G. & Oshaug, Arne & Engle, Patrice L. & Menon, Purnima & Slack, Alison T. & Haddad, Lawrence James, 1998. "Urban challenges to food and nutrition security," FCND discussion papers 51, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Azmat Gani & Biman Chand Prasad, 2007. "Food security and human development," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 34(5), pages 310-319, April.
    5. Maxwell, Daniel G. & Levin, Carol E. & Armar-Klemesu, Margaret & Ruel, Marie T. & Morris, Saul Sutkover & Ahiadeke, Clement, 2000. "Urban livelihoods and food and nutrition security in Greater Accra, Ghana:," Research reports 112, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:cmpart:157505. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.