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The European Union as determinant of Croatian trade policy

In: Croatian Accession to the European Union: Economic and Legal Challenges


  • Ana-Maria Boromisa

    (Croatian Energy Regulatory Council (VRED), Zagreb)

  • Mia Mikic

    (Faculty of Economics, Zagreb)


This paper identifies the degree to which the Republic of Croatia is prepared for EU integration in the area of trade and trade policy. According to a comparative analysis of the extent of integration into the European market, of Croatian trade policy and the policies of applicant countries, as well as of the conditions placed before the applicants by the EU, and the specific features of the EU trade regime, we determine where Croatia is relative to the other applicants. The next section identifies the key measures that need passing in the Republic of Croatia for adjustment to the EU and its trade institutions and to facilitate the free movement of goods between Croatia and the EU. The conclusion is that during the transition period, the reforms necessary for joining the EU were not carried out, and that progress is slower than in the other applicant countries. However, since Croatia started the EU convergence process at a higher level of development than some of the applicants, this lagging behind in the preparations for accession have not entirely wiped out the “first-mover” advantages of Croatia. The question arises, however, as to whether these will completely disappear with the first phase in the imminent enlargement of the EU.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana-Maria Boromisa & Mia Mikic, 2003. "The European Union as determinant of Croatian trade policy," Chapters in books,in: Katarina Ott (ed.), Croatian Accession to the European Union: Economic and Legal Challenges, volume 1, chapter 6, pages 139-157 Institute of Public Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipf:chaptr:1-06

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ricahrd E. Baldwin & Joseph F. Francois & Richard Portes, 1997. "The costs and benefits of eastern enlargement: the impact on the EU and central Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 12(24), pages 125-176, April.
    2. Peter Egger, 2002. "An Econometric View on the Estimation of Gravity Models and the Calculation of Trade Potentials," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(2), pages 297-312, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ana-Maria Boromisa, 2005. "What does an enlarged European Union mean for Croatia?," Chapters in books,in: Katarina Ott (ed.), Croatian Accession to the European Union: Facing the Challenges of Negotiations, volume 3, chapter 2, pages 31-60 Institute of Public Finance.
    2. Boromisa, Ana-Maria & Knezović, Sandro, 2008. "Croatia: Integration Perspectives and Synergic Effects of European Transformation in the Countries Targeted by EU Enlargement and Neighbourhood Policies Economy," MPRA Paper 23971, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Croatia; EU; WTO; trade; tradepolicy; natural trading partner;


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