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Household Formation and Marriage Markets in Rural Areas

Author

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  • Fafchamps, Marcel
  • Quisumbing, Agnes R.

Abstract

This chapter surveys the voluminous literature on household formation and marriage markets in developing countries. We begin by discussing the many social and economic factors that incite individuals to live together in households. Many of these factors are particularly important in poor countries, especially in a rural setting. We then focus on marriage, which is the process by which the main building block of most households is formed. After discussing assortative matching and polygyny, we introduce bargaining and strategic bequest and discuss their implication for the equilibrium of the marriage market. We end the chapter with a discussion of marriage dissolution and other changes in household structure. Fertility decisions are not discussed here as they have already been covered elsewhere.

Suggested Citation

  • Fafchamps, Marcel & Quisumbing, Agnes R., 2008. "Household Formation and Marriage Markets in Rural Areas," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:devchp:5-51
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kudo, Yuya, 2015. "Female Migration for Marriage: Implications from the Land Reform in Rural Tanzania," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 41-61.
    2. Fafchamps, Marcel, 2012. "Reprint of development, agglomeration, and the organization of work," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(5), pages 765-778.
    3. Fafchamps, Marcel, 2012. "Development, agglomeration, and the organization of work," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 459-472.
    4. Ryan Mason & Patrick Ndlovu & John Parkins & Marty Luckert, 2015. "Determinants of food security in Tanzania: gendered dimensions of household headship and control of resources," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 32(3), pages 539-549, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    marriage market; intrahousehold allocation; household size; child fostering; divorce; dowry; assortative matching;

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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