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La salud en las regiones colombianas: inequidad y morbilidad

In: La salud en Colombia: una perspectiva regional

Author

Listed:
  • Karina Acosta-Ordoñez

Abstract

Este documento analiza las diferencias en el estado de salud general de los colombianos por regiones y las principales causas de consulta en el Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud. Los resultados de este ejercicio para los años 2005 y 2010 se resumen en varios puntos. En primer lugar, las regiones Bogotá y San Andrés y Providencia y Santa Catalina exhiben los mejores estados de salud y equidad en comparación con el resto del país. En contraste, Amazonía y Pacífico muestran un bajo estado de salud general relativo. Adicionalmente, los registros de consultas demuestran que en Colombia persiste una alta prevalencia de enfermedades evitables, algunas de ellas transmisibles como las respiratorias e infecciosas, y otras no transmisibles como la hipertensivas. ****** The primary aim of this document is to analyze the health inequality across the Colombian regions, and the leading causes of medical attentions registered in the General System of Social Security in Health. The results show that Bogotá and San Andrés and Providence are healthier than the rest of the population; these regions are also more equal in terms of health. In contrast, Amazonía and Pacífico have relative low health. Moreover, the results exhibit a high prevalence of avoidable diseases, some of them communicable such as respiratory and infectious, and non-communicable as hypertensive.

Suggested Citation

  • Karina Acosta-Ordoñez, 2017. "La salud en las regiones colombianas: inequidad y morbilidad," Chapters,in: Jaime Bonet & Karelys Guzmán-Finol & Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro (ed.), La salud en Colombia: una perspectiva regional, chapter 2, pages 1-37 Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:bdrcap:2017a-12-1-37
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    Keywords

    Salud; Morbilidad; Inequidad; Colombia; Health; Morbidity; Inequality; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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