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Challenges of African Growth : Opportunities, Constraints, and Strategic Directions


  • Benno J. Ndulu


Poverty in Africa is largely the outcome of slow growth. With the region hosting 10 percent of the world's population but a staggering 30 percent of the world's poor, the challenges it faces are enormous but not insurmountable. The message of this book is clear - poverty-eradicating development in Africa is possible. In fact, there are indications that Africa is at a turning point, and there is growing momentum among front-runner economies in the region toward higher and sustained growth. This study challenges African countries and their development partners to consolidate and continue this momentum and to exploit the advantages of the continent as a latecomer, particularly in innovation and in drawing lessons from successful export-led growth experiences in Asia and Latin America.

Suggested Citation

  • Benno J. Ndulu, 2007. "Challenges of African Growth : Opportunities, Constraints, and Strategic Directions," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6656, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:6656

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wellenius, Bjorn & Foster, Vivien & Malmberg-Calvo, Christina, 2004. "Private provision of rural infrastructure services: competing for subsidies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3365, The World Bank.
    2. Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, 2005. "Firm Size Matters: Growth and Productivity Growth in African Manufacturing," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(3), pages 545-583, April.
    3. World Bank, 2004. "Investment Climate Assessment : Improving Enterprise Performance and Growth in Tanzania," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14413, The World Bank.
    4. Ng, Francis & Yeats, Alexander, 1997. "Open economies work better! did Africa's protectionist policies cause its marginalization in world trade?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 889-904, June.
    5. Shahid Yusuf, 2003. "Innovative East Asia : The Future of Growth," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15158, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wim Naudé, 2010. "Africa And The Global Economic Crisis: A Risk Assessment And Action Guide," EUI-RSCAS Working Papers 27, European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS).
    2. Arbache, Jorge & Go, Delfin S. & Page, John, 2008. "Is Africa's economy at a turning point?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4519, The World Bank.
    3. Sparreboom, Theo. & de Gier, Michael P.F., 2008. "Assessing vulnerable employment : the role of status and sector indicators in Pakistan, Namibia and Brazil," ILO Working Papers 994240153402676, International Labour Organization.
    4. Abdoulaye Camara & Foued Cheriet & Fatiha Fort, 2017. "Comment mesurer la performance des alliances stratégiques internationales ? Application aux industries agroalimentaires en Afrique de l’Ouest," Working Papers hal-01594280, HAL.
    5. Soliman, Ibrahim & Capitanio, Fabian & Cerciello, Luigi, 3. "Risk Assessment Of Major Crops In Egyptian Agriculture," Politica Agricola Internazionale - International Agricultural Policy, Edizioni L’Informatore Agrario, issue 3.
    6. World Bank, 2007. "Building Knowledge Economies : Advanced Strategies for Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6853.
    7. repec:ilo:ilowps:424015 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Menyah, Kojo & Nazlioglu, Saban & Wolde-Rufael, Yemane, 2014. "Financial development, trade openness and economic growth in African countries: New insights from a panel causality approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 386-394.
    9. World Bank, 2013. "Mali : Poverty and Gender Notes," World Bank Other Operational Studies 16050, The World Bank.
    10. World Bank, 2011. "Republic of Burundi - Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) : The Challenge of Achieving Stable and Shared Growth," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2769, The World Bank.
    11. Abdoul' Ganiou Mijiyawa, 2013. "Africa's Recent Economic Growth: What Are the Contributing Factors?," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 25(3), pages 289-302, September.
    12. Diagne, Mandiaye & Abele, Steffen & Diagne, Aliou & Seck, Papa Abdoulaye, 2013. "Agricultural trade for food security in Africa: A Ricardian model approach," 2013 AAAE Fourth International Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Hammamet, Tunisia 161466, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
    13. Ongo Nkoa B. Emmanuel & Vukenkeng Andrew Wujung & Seppo Martin P. Emmanuel, 2014. "Mechanisms of the Influence of Human Capital on Economic Growth: A Panel Data Analysis of the CEMAC Region," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(5), pages 625-640, May.
    14. Naude, Wim, 2007. "Peace, Prosperity, and Pro-Growth Entrepreneurship," WIDER Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    15. World Bank, 2009. "Tanzania: Country Brief," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2629, March.
    16. Pedro Conceição & Sebastian Levine, 2011. "The African Moment: On the Brink of a Development Breakthrough," UNDP Africa Policy Notes 2011-001, United Nations Development Programme, Regional Bureau for Africa.
    17. Alberto Behar & Anthony J. Venables, 2011. "Transport Costs and International Trade," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Transport Economics, chapter 5 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    18. Cazzavillan, Guido & Donadelli, Michael & Persha, Lauren, 2013. "Economic growth and poverty traps in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of education and TFP shocks," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(3), pages 226-242.
    19. AfDB AfDB, . "Report of the High Level Panel - Investing in Africa’s Future," High Level Panel Report, African Development Bank, number 2249.
    20. Elu Juliet U. & Price Gregory N., 2012. "Remittances and the Financing of Terrorism In Sub-Saharan Africa: 1974 - 2006," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 18(1), pages 1-42, July.
    21. repec:wsi:jdexxx:v:18:y:2013:i:01:n:s1084946713500015 is not listed on IDEAS

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