IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this book

Earnings Growth and Employment Creation


  • Independent Evaluation Group


The primary aim of this evaluation is to develop lessons from the Bank’s experience in the three selected countries of Columbia, Tunisia, and Turkey regarding assistance aimed at employment creation and earnings growth. The evaluation focuses on employment creation and earnings growth because these have a strong bearing on the extent to which the central objective of poverty reduction is achieved. The evaluation assesses the impact of the Bank’s assistance on employment outcomes and focuses on relevance and effectiveness of Bank engagement on employment issues. Two findings in connection with outcomes across the three countries are highlighted. First, progress in economic growth and earnings was better than progress in employment and unemployment. Second, although the availability of statistics on employment and earnings outcomes has improved, there are still significant deficiencies. These findings suggest a number of implications for Bank support during the global unemployment crisis as follows: (a) deploy the Bank’s integrative capability to provide support in the different areas affecting employment outcomes; (b) focus on the classical, cyclical, and structural sources of unemployment; (c) update and improve employment and earnings data; (d) adjust programs to emphasize support with strong employment earnings effects;(e)advise countries on affordable fiscal stimuli; (f) support the development of unemployment insurance mechanisms; and (g) develop strategies to advance job flexibility and worker protection. IEG recommends that the Bank continue focusing on advice and projects to improve coverage and quality.

Suggested Citation

  • Independent Evaluation Group, 2009. "Earnings Growth and Employment Creation," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 24116, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:24116

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. AKKEMIK, K. Ali, 2007. "The Response Of Employment To Gdp Growth In Turkey: An Econometric Estimation," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 7(1).
    2. Paolo Epifani & Gino Gancia, 2008. "The Skill Bias of World Trade," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 118(530), pages 927-960, July.
    3. World Bank, 2002. "Colombia : Poverty Report, Volume 2. Background Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15299, The World Bank.
    4. Kugler, Adriana & Kugler, Maurice, 2003. "The Labor Market Effects of Payroll Taxes in a Middle-Income Country: Evidence from Colombia," IZA Discussion Papers 852, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. World Bank, 2007. "Chile : Investment Climate Assessment, Volume 2. Background Chapters," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7716, The World Bank.
    6. Chen, Martha Alter. & Jhabvala, Renana. & Lund, Frances., 2002. "Supporting workers in the informal economy : a policy framework," ILO Working Papers 993541733402676, International Labour Organization.
    7. World Bank, 2007. "Cape Verde Investment Climate Assessment," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12305, The World Bank.
    8. Escribano, Alvaro & Guasch, J. Luis, 2005. "Assessing the impact of the investment climate on productivity using firm-level data : methodology and the cases of Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3621, The World Bank.
    9. World Bank, 2002. "Colombia : Poverty Report, Volume 1. Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15294, The World Bank.
    10. Arango Luis E. & Carlos E. Posada, 2007. "Labor Participation of Married Women in Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, October.
    11. World Bank, 2008. "Colombia : Inputs for Sub-Regional Competitiveness Policies," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8079, The World Bank.
    12. World Bank, 2007. "Angola : Investment Climate Assessment," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7915, The World Bank.
    13. Kugler, Adriana & Kugler, Maurice, 2003. "The labor market effects of payroll taxes in a middle-income country: evidence from Colombia," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 0306, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    14. Duryea, Suzanne & Lam, David & Levison, Deborah, 2007. "Effects of economic shocks on children's employment and schooling in Brazil," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 188-214, September.
    15. repec:ilo:ilowps:354173 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Domenico Fanizza & Taline Koranchelian, 2005. "How Does Employment Protection Legislation Affect Unemployment in Tunisia? A Search Equilibrium Approach," IMF Working Papers 05/92, International Monetary Fund.
    17. Guillermo E. Perry & William F. Maloney & Omar S. Arias & Pablo Fajnzylber & Andrew D. Mason & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduvi, 2007. "Informality : Exit and Exclusion," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6730, November.
    18. Gordon Betcherman, 2000. "Structural Unemployment: How Important Are Labour Market Policies and Institutions?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 26(s1), pages 131-140, July.
    19. World Bank, 2007. "Costa Rica : Investment Climate Assessment," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7691, The World Bank.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:24116. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Breineder). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.