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Trade, Investment and Development in the Middle East and North Africa : Engaging with the World


  • World Bank


The book describes why expanding trade, and investment is vital for the Middle East and North Africa region. The greatest economic challenge is to create enough jobs for its rapidly growing labor force, which is increasingly young, and educated, to ward off threats to social, and political stability, inherent in high unemployment rates. This effort requires higher, and more sustainable, economic growth than has been achieved in the past two decades. Expanding trade, and private investment offers the best hope. The potential is enormous, given the region's human resources, skills, location, and opportunities. The book also analyzes why the region has yet to tap fully into the rich stream of global commerce, and investment - and the measures needed to do so, including improvements in the domestic investment climate, and reforms in the policies of the region's trading partners.

Suggested Citation

  • World Bank, 2003. "Trade, Investment and Development in the Middle East and North Africa : Engaging with the World," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15116.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:15116

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Clive Bell & Shantayanan Devarajan & Hans Gersbach, 2003. "The long-run economic costs of AIDS : theory and an application to South Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3152, The World Bank.
    2. Haour-Knipe, Mary & Fleury, Francois & Dubois-Arber, Francois, 1999. "HIV/AIDS prevention for migrants and ethnic minorities: three phases of evaluation," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 1357-1372.
    3. Parker, Richard & Aggleton, Peter, 2003. "HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 13-24.
    4. Jack, William, 2001. "The public economics of tuberculosis control," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 79-96, August.
    5. Soskolne, Varda & Shtarkshall, Ronny A., 2002. "Migration and HIV prevention programmes: linking structural factors, culture, and individual behaviour--an Israeli experience," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 1297-1307.
    6. Anatoly Vinokur & Joana Godinho & Christopher Dye & Nico Nagelkerke, 2001. "The TB and HIV/AIDS Epidemics in the Russian Federation," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13965.
    7. Koupilová, Ilona & Epstein, Helen & Holcík, Jan & Hajioff, Steve & McKee, Martin, 2001. "Health needs of the Roma population in the Czech and Slovak Republics," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 1191-1204.
    8. Rhodes, Tim & Mikhailova, Larissa & Sarang, Anya & Lowndes, Catherine M. & Rylkov, Andrey & Khutorskoy, Mikhail & Renton, Adrian, 2003. "Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environment," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 39-54.
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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Alvaro, Cuervo-Cazurra, 2011. "Selecting the country in which to start internationalization: The non-sequential internationalization model," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 426-437, October.
    2. Juliane Brach, 2008. "Constraints to Economic Development and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa," GIGA Working Paper Series 85, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.
    3. Soliman, Ibrahim & Mashhour, Ahmed & Gaber, Mohamed, 2011. "A review of The National and International Agro‐Food Policies and Institutions in Egypt," MPRA Paper 66779, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 May 2011.
    4. Sufian Eltayeb Mohamed & Moise G. Sidiropoulos, 2010. "Another Look At The Determinants Of Foreign Direct Investment In Mena Countries: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 35(2), pages 75-95, June.
    5. Stephan Klasen & Janneke Pieters, 2015. "What Explains the Stagnation of Female Labor Force Participation in Urban India?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, pages 449-478.
    6. Daniele, Vittorio & Marani, Ugo, 2006. "Do institutions matter for FDI? A comparative analysis for the MENA countries," MPRA Paper 2426, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Hassan, Sherif, 2016. "Reaping the Bless of Arab Migrants: Mobilizing Diaspora for Private Sector Development," MPRA Paper 71539, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Hamid, Zarinah & Amin, Ruzita Mohd, 2013. "Trade and Human Development in OIC Countries: A Panel Data Analysis," Islamic Economic Studies, The Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI), vol. 21, pages 55-70.


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