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Rural Research and Development Corporations


  • Commission, Productivity

    () (Productivity Commission)


Through the Rural Research and Development Corporations (RDCs), rural industries and the Australian Government together invest some $490 million a year in R&D. This co-investment model has important strengths, including: helping to ensure that public money is not spent on research of little practical value; and facilitating greater and faster uptake of research outputs. However, as currently configured, the model has some significant shortcomings:◦it does not cater well for broader rural R&D needs; the overall level of public support for industry-focused research is too high given the sound financial reasons that producers or industries would have to fully fund much of this research themselves; the basis for the Government's matching contribution to RDCs provides no incentive for producers to increase their investments in the model over time. While the broad model should be retained, significant changes to the way in which the Government contributes its funding are therefore called for. Specifically: the current cap on dollar for dollar matching of industry contributions by the Government should be halved over a ten-year period; a new, uncapped, subsidy at the rate of 20 cents in the dollar should be immediately introduced for industry contributions above the level that attracts dollar for dollar matching; a new, government-funded, RDC - Rural Research Australia (RRA) - should be created to sponsor broader rural research. With RRA in place, the other RDCs (except for the Fisheries RDC) should be left to focus predominantly on funding research of direct benefit to their industry constituents. These new arrangements would result in a modest reduction in total government funding for the RDC model - though with a similarly modest increase in private contributions, the overall amount of funding available to the RDCs could increase. More importantly, the redistribution of some public money to broader research would deliver better value for the community from its investment in the model. Some more specific changes can be viewed in the report.

Suggested Citation

  • Commission, Productivity, 2011. "Rural Research and Development Corporations," Inquiry Reports, Productivity Commission, Government of Australia, number 52.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:prodir:0052

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    Cited by:

    1. McClintock, Anthea & Malcolm, Bill & Crean, Jason & Jackson, Tom & Heath, James, 2013. "Pragmatic Selection of R,D&E Investments in Primary Industries," 2013 Conference (57th), February 5-8, 2013, Sydney, Australia 152169, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    2. repec:eee:ecanpo:v:54:y:2017:i:c:p:96-104 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Mullen, John & Keogh, Mick, 2013. "The Future Productivity and Competitiveness Challenge for Australian Agriculture," 2013 Conference (57th), February 5-8, 2013, Sydney, Australia 152170, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    4. Gray, Richard S. & Bolek, Katarzyna, 2012. "Grain Research Funding in Australia: Lessons from International Experience," 2012 Conference (56th), February 7-10, 2012, Freemantle, Australia 124176, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.

    More about this item


    rural research; rural research and development; RDCs; rural research and development corporations; R&D;

    JEL classification:

    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination


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