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Sustaining the Asia Pacific Miracle: Environmental Protection and Economic Integration


  • Daniel C. Esty
  • Andre Dua


Asia Pacific countries have experienced extraordinary economic growth in recent years. But the region also suffers from choking air pollution, fouled water, ravaged forests, depleted fisheries, and other environmental problems.Eager to promote further growth, governments in the region have embarked on an ambitious program of economic integration through the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum. In this volume, Dua and Esty argue that APEC's trade and investment liberalization can be compatible with environmental protection. They stress, moreover, that true prosperity and the APEC vision of a "community of Asia Pacific economies" cannot be achieved without attention to public health and ecological threats, resource management issues, and tensions at the economy-environment interface. The authors identify the issues that must be dealt with internationally and propose an ambitious environmental action agenda for APEC that would play an important role in that strategy.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel C. Esty & Andre Dua, 1997. "Sustaining the Asia Pacific Miracle: Environmental Protection and Economic Integration," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 37, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:iie:ppress:37

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    Cited by:

    1. Bingtao Qin & Yulu Gai & Liming Ge & Pengbo Sun & Yongwei Yu & Yi Zheng, 2022. "FDI, Technology Spillovers, and Green Innovation: Theoretical Analysis and Evidence from China," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(20), pages 1-25, October.
    2. Jiayuan Zhou & Yunxia Li & Bo Li, 2022. "Restructure or Misallocation? Enterprises’ Carbon Emission Intensity under Market Integration," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(24), pages 1-18, December.
    3. Wang, Shu-Hong & Song, Ma-Lin, 2014. "Review of hidden carbon emissions, trade, and labor income share in China, 2001–2011," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 395-405.
    4. Jeffrey A. Frankel & Andrew K. Rose, 2005. "Is Trade Good or Bad for the Environment? Sorting Out the Causality," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(1), pages 85-91, February.
    5. Benchekroun Hassan & Yildiz Halis Murat, 2011. "Free Trade, Autarky and the Sustainability of an International Environmental Agreement," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-30, January.
    6. Jeffrey A. Frankel, 2003. "The Environment and Globalization," NBER Working Papers 10090, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Feng Han & Min Huang, 2022. "Land Misallocation and Carbon Emissions: Evidence from China," Land, MDPI, vol. 11(8), pages 1-30, July.
    8. Hou Renyong & Aman Ali Sedik, 2023. "Environmental Sustainability and Foreign Direct Investment in East Africa: Institutional and Policy Benefits for Environmental Sustainability," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(2), pages 1-22, January.
    9. Frankel, Jeffrey, 2008. "Global Environmental Policy and Global Trade Policy," Working Paper Series rwp08-058, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
    10. CHIRIAC, Suzana Elena & GHIDIU-BÎTA, Ioana Maria, 2011. "Globalization And Sustainable Development – The Need For Stronger Integration And International Cooperation In The Environmental Area," Annals of Spiru Haret University, Economic Series, Universitatea Spiru Haret, vol. 2(3), pages 51-57.
    11. Boqiong Yang & Stephan Brosig & Jianguo Chen, 2013. "Environmental Impact of Foreign vs. Domestic Capital Investment in China," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(1), pages 245-271, February.
    12. Frankel, Jeffrey A., 2009. "Environmental Effects of International Trade," Scholarly Articles 4481652, Harvard Kennedy School of Government.
    13. Jia Yi & Lu Shenglan & Zhuang Xiaona & David Kiwuwa, 2009. "A Hypothetical Model of a New Business System Responsive to the Global Environment: A Connected Model," Transition Studies Review, Springer;Central Eastern European University Network (CEEUN), vol. 16(2), pages 542-555, June.
    14. Junhong Bai & Xuewei Yu, 2021. "Export trade and smog pollution: Empirical evidence from China," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(1), pages 224-242, March.
    15. Daniel C. Esty, 2001. "Bridging the Trade-Environment Divide," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(3), pages 113-130, Summer.
    16. Yongwang Zhang & Lin Song, 2020. "Defining the Optimal Implementation Space of Environmental Regulation in China’s Export Trade," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(20), pages 1-19, October.
    17. Fan, Weiyang & Hao, Yu, 2020. "An empirical research on the relationship amongst renewable energy consumption, economic growth and foreign direct investment in China," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 598-609.

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