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Export growth in Latin America: policies and performance

Editor

Listed:
  • Lynne Rienner Publishers

Author

Listed:
  • Macario, Carla

Abstract

Export Growth in Latin America: Policies and Performance by Carla Macario with Regis Bonelli, Adriaan ten Kate and Gunnar Niels. Latin American and Caribbean countries have substantially transformed their economies over the past decades by adopting policies that set aside import substitution development strategies and foster a greater outward orientation of their economies, assigning a high priority to increasing exports. Nevertheless, in most cases export performance is still deficient, and many countries in the region have not fully taken advantage of the opportunities arising from the increase in global trade. Therefore, the question at issue is which policies have the potential to encourage a higher export growth rate, particularly for manufactured exports. This volume answers this question by examining the policies that are determinants of export performance in Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico. The country studies describe the macroeconomic environment and trade policy, and provide a comprehensive presentation of export promotion instruments. Next, they discuss the influence of these policies on the behavior of export firms. At the same time, evidence is presented on the learning by exporting that benefits export firms - and their domestic suppliers - as companies are compelled to introduce far-reaching changes in their practices in order to compete in global markets. A concluding section sets forth policy recommendations for enhancing export performance, while still allowing the countries to fulfill their commitments under the Uruguay Round Agreements. Carla Macario is Deputy Director of the Division of Integration and International Trade with the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean of the United Nations (ECLAC). The book is available in English in the main bookstores of the region.

Suggested Citation

  • Macario, Carla, 2000. "Export growth in Latin America: policies and performance," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1642 edited by Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col014:1642
    Note: Includes bibliography
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    File URL: https://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/1642
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alwyn Young, 1991. "Learning by Doing and the Dynamic Effects of International Trade," NBER Working Papers 3577, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Alwyn Young, 1991. "Learning by Doing and the Dynamic Effects of International Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 369-405.
    3. Willmore, Larry, 1996. "Export processing in the Caribbean: lessons from four case studies," Series Históricas 42, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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    Cited by:

    1. Yoshimichi Murakami, 2021. "Trade liberalization and wage inequality: Evidence from Chile," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(3), pages 407-438, April.
    2. Ffrench-Davis, Ricardo, 2002. "The impact of exports on growth in Chile," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    3. Sarah M. Brooks & Marcus J. Kurtz, 2007. "Capital, Trade, and the Political Economies of Reform," American Journal of Political Science, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 51(4), pages 703-720, October.
    4. Walkenhorst, Peter, 2008. "Policies to strengthen trade competitiveness in Tunisia," MPRA Paper 24130, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. World Bank, 2009. "Strengthening Bolivian Competitiveness : Export Diversification and Inclusive Growth," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2656, December.
    6. Lederman, Daniel & Olarreaga, Marcelo & Payton, Lucy, 2006. "Export promotion agencies : what works and what doesn't," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4044, The World Bank.

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