Tous unis contre le protectionnisme des pays du Nord ?
Even if the debate on globalization pits sceptics and enthusiasts against one another, they seem to agree at least on exposing the protectionism of developed countries. This is illustrated by a recent report by OXFAM on trade, the way some enthusiasts have reacted to it, and miscellaneous interventions both by enthusiasts and sceptics. Could that point a possibility of reconciliation? On the one hand, the usual tools used by enthusiasts to analyse the effects of liberalization actually show that the gains from further liberalization by developed countries would be limited and would accrue mainly to themselves. On the other hand, the models that would show that liberalization by developed countries could be crucial for poor countries’ development also show that it might not be in the best interest of poor countries to liberalize. So no reconciliation seems in sight. JEL codes : F02, F17, F12, F13.
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