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Entfremdung und Ausgrenzung: Afrikas neuer Nationalismus in Zeiten der Globalisierung

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  • Kohnert, Dirk

Abstract

Der neue Nationalismus in Afrika und anderswo unterscheidet sich in Ursachen und Auswirkungen wesentlich von dem nationaler Unabhängigkeitsbewegungen der 1960er Jahre. Anders als der erste Nationalismus setzt der zweite weniger auf Einschluss denn auf Ausschluss von Bevölkerungsgruppen; Entfremdung, Xenophobie und deren politische Instrumentalisierung sind sein Fluch. Der neue Nationalismus wird maßgeblich geprägt durch die Folgen der Globalisierung und der auseinanderklaffenden Schere zwischen Arm und Reich. Die strukturellen Bedingungen von Nationalismus und Nationalstaat fallen heute typischerweise weiter auseinander. Denn der neue Nationalismus entsteht oft aus populistischen Basisbewegungen, die durchaus auch gegen die staatliche Politik gerichtet sein können. Dies verleiht ihm eine besondere soziale und politische Ambivalenz und Spreng-kraft.

Suggested Citation

  • Kohnert, Dirk, 2008. "Entfremdung und Ausgrenzung: Afrikas neuer Nationalismus in Zeiten der Globalisierung," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 197-222.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:118648
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/118648/1/Kohnert-2008-2-Sociologus-Nationalismus.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kohnert, Dirk & Elwert, Georg & Bierschenk, Thomas, 1993. "The long-term effects of development aid - Empirical studies in rural West Africa," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 83-111.
    2. Helga Dickow & Valerie Møller, 2002. "South Africa's `Rainbow People', National Pride and Optimism: A Trend Study," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 59(2), pages 175-202, August.
    3. Raffaele Poli, 2006. "Migrations and trade of African football players: historic, geographical and cultural aspects," Africa Spectrum, Institute of African Affairs, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, vol. 41(3), pages 393-414.
    4. Alemayehu Geda, 2006. "Openness, Inequality and Poverty in Africa," Working Papers 25, United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
    5. Gerard Delanty, 1996. "Beyond the Nation-State: National Identity and Citizenship in a Multicultural Society - a Response to Rex," Sociological Research Online, Sociological Research Online, vol. 1(3), pages 1-1.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kohnert, Dirk, 2010. "Democratization via Elections in an African "Narco-state"? The Case of Guinea-Bissau," GIGA Working Papers 123, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.
    2. Jockers, Heinz & Kohnert, Dirk & Nugent, Paul, 2009. "The Successful Ghana Election of 2008 – a Convenient Myth? Ethnicity in Ghana's Elections Revisited," GIGA Working Papers 109, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.
    3. Kohnert, Dirk, 2009. "Democratisation via elections in an African 'narco state'? The case of Guinea-Bissau," MPRA Paper 19109, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Ole Frahm, 2012. "Defining the Nation: National Identity in South Sudanese Media Discourse," Africa Spectrum, Institute of African Affairs, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, vol. 47(1), pages 21-49.
    5. Kohnert, Dirk, 2009. "Democratisation via elections in an African 'narco state'? The case of Guinea-Bissau," MPRA Paper 19109, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Kohnert, Dirk, 2009. "New Nationalism and Development in Africa: Review Article," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 111-123.
    7. Dirk Kohnert, 2009. "New Nationalism and Development in Africa," Africa Spectrum, Institute of African Affairs, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, vol. 44(1), pages 111-123.
    8. Jockers, Heinz & Kohnert, Dirk & Nugent, Paul, 2009. "The Successful Ghana Election of 2008: A Convenient Myth? Ethnicity in Ghana's elections revisited," MPRA Paper 16167, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Nationalism; Alienation; xenophobia; Sub-Saharan Africa; Globalization; Transition;

    JEL classification:

    • F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • N47 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Africa; Oceania
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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