IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Urban agriculture and poverty reduction: Evaluating how food production in cities contributes to food security, employment and income in Malawi

Listed author(s):
  • David D. Mkwambisi
  • Evan D. G. Fraser
  • Andy J. Dougill
Registered author(s):

    Support of urban agriculture can be used as a route to reducing urban poverty across Sub-Saharan Africa. However policy makers require more precise information on how it contributes to alleviating food insecurity and poverty problems. This study in Malawi's two main cities (Lilongwe and Blantyre) revealed two predominant ‘types’ of urban farmers: (i) low‐income, less educated, often female‐headed households, who use urban agriculture as an insurance against income losses and who can employ skilled workers to support their livestock activities; and (ii) middle‐ and high‐income, often male‐headed households, that undertake urban agriculture for personal consumption and hire significant numbers of unskilled workers. Within the low‐income group, there are some female headed‐households who are now receiving significant income from livestock programmes having been provided with initial external support from a non‐governmental organisation. Our findings suggest a need for a two‐pronged policy approach to try and improve the overall effectiveness of urban agriculture support, namely to (1) target poor women with extension and development project support; and (2) support wealthier farmers to increase the employment opportunities associated with urban agriculture. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of International Development.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 (March)
    Pages: 181-203

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:23:y:2011:i:2:p:181-203
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:23:y:2011:i:2:p:181-203. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing)

    or (Christopher F. Baum)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.