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Squaring the circle: global production and the informalization of work in South African fruit exports

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  • Stephanie Barrientos

    (Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK)

  • Andrienetta Kritzinger

    (Department of Sociology, University of Stellenbosch, South Aftrica)

Abstract

South African fruit growers simultaneously face rising standards imposed within supermarket global value chains, falling market prices internationally, and increasing government legislation. These pressures are leading to falling permanent employment and increasing use of contract labour on fruit farms, tempered by the need to employ skilled workers to meet quality and labour standards. Informal contract employment provides some (male) workers with regular work at relatively good pay, but others (particularly women) work for short periods at low pay. None enjoy work security or employment benefits. The informality of work intensifies their risks and vulnerability to poverty. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephanie Barrientos & Andrienetta Kritzinger, 2004. "Squaring the circle: global production and the informalization of work in South African fruit exports," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(1), pages 81-92.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:16:y:2004:i:1:p:81-92
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.1064
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/jid.1064
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Barrientos, Stephanie & Dolan, Catherine & Tallontire, Anne, 2003. "A Gendered Value Chain Approach to Codes of Conduct in African Horticulture," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(9), pages 1511-1526, September.
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