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Cash‐based maternal health interventions can improve childhood vaccination—Evidence from India


  • Prabal K. De
  • Laxman Timilsina


Childhood vaccination has lagged in countries like India, despite its demonstrated positive effects on health outcomes like infant mortality. At the same time, many conditional cash transfer programs have been effective in improving health outcomes. We estimate the effect of the world's largest maternal health program, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY, maternal protection scheme), on childhood vaccination in India. We exploit exogenous variations in the expansion of the policy around the country and the fact that some key vaccines are given at or near birth to identify the effects of cash‐based maternal health policy on infant immunization. We find that JSY increased the probability of Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) and diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus toxoid (DPT) vaccination among newborns and infants. However, we find almost no significant effects on the measles vaccine, which is administered several months after birth.

Suggested Citation

  • Prabal K. De & Laxman Timilsina, 2020. "Cash‐based maternal health interventions can improve childhood vaccination—Evidence from India," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(10), pages 1202-1219, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:29:y:2020:i:10:p:1202-1219
    DOI: 10.1002/hec.4129

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chris Sampson’s journal round-up for 12th October 2020
      by Chris Sampson in The Academic Health Economists' Blog on 2020-10-12 11:00:03


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    Cited by:

    1. Paula von Haaren & Stefan Klonner, 2021. "Lessons learned? Intended and unintended effects of India's second‐generation maternal cash transfer scheme," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(10), pages 2468-2486, September.

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