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15 Years of Austrian EU Membership


  • Fritz Breuss



Austria's 15-year EU membership has been a success story. It gave Austria an additional growth impulse of 0.6 percentage points and facilitated the creation of 14,000 new jobs. The main difficulty in estimating these integration effects consists in taking account of several simultaneous events: after the political upheaval of 1989 and the opening of Eastern Europe new sales opportunities emerged for Austrian exporters. At the same time EU integration deepened further. After the Single European Market the monetary union with a common currency was created. Finally the EU was enlarged to 27 member counties. In total – for all integration steps since 1989 (Opening of Eastern Europe, EU accession, participation in EMU, EU enlargement) – the integration bonus in Austria amounts to an additional real GDP growth of 0.9 percentage points per year and the creation of an additional 20,000 new jobs.

Suggested Citation

  • Fritz Breuss, 2010. "15 Years of Austrian EU Membership," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 83(2), pages 117-138, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:monber:y:2010:i:2:p:117-138

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fritz Breuss, 2009. "An evaluation of the EU's Fifth Enlargement With special focus on Bulgaria and Romania," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 361, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    2. Francesca D'Auria & Kieran Mc Morrow & Karl Pichelmann, 2008. "Economic impact of migration flows following the 2004 EU enlargement process - A model based analysis," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 349, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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