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Airbnb and the Hotel Industry in Warsaw: An Example of the Sharing Economy?


  • Gyódi Kristóf

    (University of Warsaw, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Warsaw, Poland)


The aim of this analysis is to examine the characteristics of the Airbnb network, to verify the share of Airbnb offers that belong to the sharing economy and to identify the differences between the spatial distribution of the Airbnb network and the traditional hotel industry. The article is based on a unique dataset of web-scraped data on Airbnb listings in Warsaw (Poland), combined with district-level official statistics on the hotel industry. The analysis shows that only approximately 11% of offers belong to the sharing economy (“individuals granting each other temporary access to their under-utilised assets”), while at least one third of offers are provided by professional firms. The Airbnb network shows a strong centre-periphery pattern, with 75% of offers located within a range of 4.3 kilometres from the centre. The spatial concentration of Airbnb offers is strongly driven by their distance from metro lines, while it is weakly related to the amount of living space. On the district-level, the spatial distribution of Airbnb listings is correlated with that of the hotel industry, although Airbnb contributes to a more even spread of tourism in the city. The major contribution of this analysis is its presentation of the size and characteristics of the platform, which is essential for data-driven policy making.

Suggested Citation

  • Gyódi Kristóf, 2017. "Airbnb and the Hotel Industry in Warsaw: An Example of the Sharing Economy?," Central European Economic Journal, Sciendo, vol. 2(49), pages 23-34, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:ceuecj:v:2:y:2017:i:49:p:23-34:n:1
    DOI: 10.1515/ceej-2017-0007

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fleura Bardhi & Giana M. Eckhardt, 2012. "Access-Based Consumption: The Case of Car Sharing," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(4), pages 881-898.
    2. Gutiérrez, Javier & García-Palomares, Juan Carlos & Romanillos, Gustavo & Salas-Olmedo, María Henar, 2017. "The eruption of Airbnb in tourist cities: Comparing spatial patterns of hotels and peer-to-peer accommodation in Barcelona," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 278-291.
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    5. J. Yannis Bakos, 1997. "Reducing Buyer Search Costs: Implications for Electronic Marketplaces," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 43(12), pages 1676-1692, December.
    6. Koen Frenken, 2017. "Political Economies and Environmental Futures for the Sharing Economy," Innovation Studies Utrecht (ISU) working paper series 17-01, Utrecht University, Department of Innovation Studies, revised Feb 2017.
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    More about this item


    sharing economy; tourism; platforms; digitalization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General


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