Exit and Inefficiency: The Effects of Ownership Type
This study uses data on hospital closures to examine the relation between exit and inefficiency in an industry where for-profit, not-for-profit, and government firms coexist. The likelihood of hospital exit over the period 1986-91 is estimated as a function of hospital relative inefficiency, ownership type, and other factors, where hospital relative inefficiency is measured using residuals from estimation of a stochastic frontier cost function. We find that less efficient hospitals were more likely to exit when ownership was for-profit or not-for-profit, but that relative inefficiency did not have a significant effect on the probability of exit for government hospitals.
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