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Exit and Inefficiency: The Effects of Ownership Type

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  • Mary E. Deily
  • Niccie L. McKay
  • Fred H. Dorner

Abstract

This study uses data on hospital closures to examine the relation between exit and inefficiency in an industry where for-profit, not-for-profit, and government firms coexist. The likelihood of hospital exit over the period 1986-91 is estimated as a function of hospital relative inefficiency, ownership type, and other factors, where hospital relative inefficiency is measured using residuals from estimation of a stochastic frontier cost function. We find that less efficient hospitals were more likely to exit when ownership was for-profit or not-for-profit, but that relative inefficiency did not have a significant effect on the probability of exit for government hospitals.

Suggested Citation

  • Mary E. Deily & Niccie L. McKay & Fred H. Dorner, 2000. "Exit and Inefficiency: The Effects of Ownership Type," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(4), pages 734-747.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:35:y:2000:i:4:p:734-747
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. C. O’Donnell & K. Nguyen, 2013. "An econometric approach to estimating support prices and measures of productivity change in public hospitals," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 323-335, December.
    2. Federico Ciliberto & Richard C. Lindrooth, 2007. "Exit From The Hospital Industry," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 45(1), pages 71-81, January.
    3. Sujoy Chakravarty & Martin Gaynor & Steven Klepper & William B. Vogt, 2006. "Does the profit motive make Jack nimble? Ownership form and the evolution of the US hospital industry," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(4), pages 345-361.
    4. Ko, Michelle & Derose, Kathryn Pitkin & Needleman, Jack & Ponce, Ninez A., 2014. "Whose social capital matters? The case of U.S. urban public hospital closures and conversions to private ownership," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 188-196.
    5. Boyan Jovanovic & Chung-Yi Tse, 2006. "Creative Destruction in Industries," NBER Working Papers 12520, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Gaynor, Martin & Town, Robert J., 2011. "Competition in Health Care Markets," Handbook of Health Economics, Elsevier.
    7. Christoph Schwierz, 2011. "Expansion in markets with decreasing demand‐for‐profits in the German hospital industry," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(6), pages 675-687, June.
    8. Peter Nunnenkamp & Hannes Öhler & Tillmann Schwörer, 2011. "US based NGOs in International Development Cooperation: Survival of the Fittest?," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 83, Courant Research Centre PEG.
    9. repec:zbw:rwirep:0106 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Nunnenkamp, Peter & Öhler, Hannes & Schwörer, Tillmann, 2013. "US based NGOs in International Development: Financial and Economic Determinants of Survival," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 45-65.
    11. Christoph Schwierz, 2009. "Expansion in Markets with Decreasing Demand – For-Profits in the German Hospital Industry," Ruhr Economic Papers 0106, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.

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