IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Financial Strength As An Indicator For Measuring Bank Competitiveness: An Empirical Evidence From Indian Banking Industry


  • Priya PONRAJ
  • Gurusamy RAJENDRAN


Liberalization and globalization has led Indian banking companies to focus on quality of service, speed and cost to face severe competition. The paper measures the bank competitiveness among the select Indian commercial banks in terms of financial strength. A bank is said to be competitive if it is financially strong. Financial strength of the bank is measured in terms of financial ratios viz. efficiency ratio, profitability ratio, capital adequacy ratio, income-expenditure ratio, deposits and return ratios. Factor analysis is used to structure and detect the components of financial strength. The competitive position mapping of the public sector, private sector and foreign banks is obtained by applying discriminant analysis. It is found that foreign banks are the most competitive compared to the private and public sector banks in terms of the profitability ratio, returns ratio and capital adequacy ratio.

Suggested Citation

  • Priya PONRAJ & Gurusamy RAJENDRAN, 2012. "Financial Strength As An Indicator For Measuring Bank Competitiveness: An Empirical Evidence From Indian Banking Industry," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 7(2(20)/ Su), pages 179-188.
  • Handle: RePEc:ush:jaessh:v:7:y:2012:i:2(20)_summer2012:p:179

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Claessens, Stijn & Demirguc-Kunt, Asl[iota] & Huizinga, Harry, 2001. "How does foreign entry affect domestic banking markets?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 891-911, May.
    2. Barajas, Adolfo & Steiner, Roberto & Salazar, Natalia, 2000. "The impact of liberalization and foreign investment in Colombia's financial sector," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 157-196, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ush:jaessh:v:7:y:2012:i:2(20)_summer2012:p:179. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Laura Stefanescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.