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Factor productivity and efficiency of the Vietnamese economy in transition


  • Nguyen Khac Minh

    () (Center for Development Economics and Public Policy, National Economics University, Viet Nam)

  • Giang Thanh Long

    (Faculty of Economics, National Economics University, Viet Nam)


The purpose of this paper is to estimate changes in productivity, technical efficiency and technology across the economic sectors during the period 1985-2006. We also seek to identify the turning points for productivity growth to see whether it was accompanied by technological change and/or technical efficiency. For estimating economic growth, aggregate production function is used. We find that, during the study period, technical progress contributed about 19.7 per cent to the country’s economic growth. We also estimate total factor productivity for the whole economy as well as for individual economic sectors, and the results show that the economy’s productivity growth was largely driven by the industrial sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Nguyen Khac Minh & Giang Thanh Long, 2008. "Factor productivity and efficiency of the Vietnamese economy in transition," Asia-Pacific Development Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 15(1), pages 93-117, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:unt:jnapdj:v:15:y:2008:i:1:p:93-117

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nguyen Khac Minh & Giang Thanh Long & Bach Ngoc Thang, 2007. "Technical Efficiency of Small And Medium Manufacturing Firms in Vietnam: Parametric and Non-Parametric Approaches," Korean Economic Review, Korean Economic Association, vol. 23, pages 187-221.
    2. Aigner, Dennis & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Peter, 1977. "Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 21-37, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Duc-Anh Le & Phu Nguyen-Van & Thi Kim Cuong Pham, 2016. "Public expenditure, growth and productivity of Vietnam’s provinces," Working Papers of BETA 2016-17, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.

    More about this item


    efficiency; productivity; growth; Malmquist index; Viet Nam;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General


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