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Characterizing Cross-Country Consumption Correlations

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  • Michael R. Pakko

Abstract

General equilibrium models of international fluctuations that assume complete asset markets predict that consumption will be highly correlated across countries, while the data display correlations that are rather low. It has become common to characterize this empirical regularity by noting that cross-country consumption correlations tend to be lower than corresponding output correlations. This note reconsiders that characterization and demonstrates that it is not particularly robust. It also documents a related regularity that is more pervasive: Consumption fluctuations are more highly correlated with domestic production than with world output. This provides an alternative standard for evaluating models of international fluctuations. © 1998 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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  • Michael R. Pakko, 1998. "Characterizing Cross-Country Consumption Correlations," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(1), pages 169-174, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:80:y:1998:i:1:p:169-174
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    Cited by:

    1. Malik, Samreen, 2015. "Financial-integration thresholds for consumption risk-sharing," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 73-93.
    2. Jeffrey C. Fuhrer & Michael W. Klein, 2006. "Risky Habits: on Risk Sharing, Habit Formation, and the Interpretation of International Consumption Correlations," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(4), pages 722-740, September.
    3. Heathcote, Jonathan & Perri, Fabrizio, 2002. "Financial autarky and international business cycles," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 601-627, April.
    4. Pakko, Michael R, 1997. "International Risk Sharing and Low Cross-Country Consumption Correlations: Are They Really Inconsistent?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(3), pages 386-400, August.
    5. Giovanni P. Olivei, 2000. "Consumption risk-sharing across G-7 countries," New England Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue Mar, pages 3-14.
    6. Robert P. Flood & Nancy P. Marion & Akito Matsumoto, 2012. "International risk sharing during the globalization era," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(2), pages 394-416, May.
    7. Luo, Yulei & Nie, Jun & Young, Eric R., 2014. "Robust control, informational frictions, and international consumption correlations," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 1-27.
    8. Asdrubali, Pierfederico & Kim, Soyoung, 2004. "Dynamic risksharing in the United States and Europe," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(4), pages 809-836, May.
    9. Pakko Michael R., 2003. "Substitution Elasticities and Investment Dynamics in Two-Country Business Cycle Models," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-20, November.
    10. Nagayasu, Jun, 2012. "The threshold consumption correlation-based approach to international capital mobility: Evidence from advanced and developing countries," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 256-263.
    11. Pakko, Michael R., 2004. "A spectral analysis of the cross-country consumption correlation puzzle," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 84(3), pages 341-347, September.
    12. Michael R. Pakko, 1997. "Trade, investment, and international borrowing in two-country business cycle models," Working Papers 1997-023, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    13. Kim, H. Youn, 2014. "International financial integration and risk sharing among countries: A production-based approach," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 16-35.
    14. Cavaliere, Giuseppe & Fanelli, Luca & Gardini, Attilio, 2006. "Regional consumption dynamics and risk sharing in Italy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 525-542.

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