Narrowing the Black-White Gap in Child Literacy in 1910: The Roles of School Inputs and Family Inputs
In the early 1900s, levels of educational achievement were much lower for black children than for whites. Black children faced enormous disadvantages. Earlier studies of the period show that separate-and-unequal schools and lower household incomes explain only part of the black-white literacy gap. This study contributes additional information on the impact of differences in parents' education. Using individual-level data from Georgia in 1910, the analysis shows that the largest contributor to the black-white literacy gap was the difference between the education of black and white parents. Thus, schooling discrimination against earlier generations continued to haunt black children in 1910. Copyright 1991 by MIT Press.
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Volume (Year): 73 (1991)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
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