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Gender Discrimination and Institutional Frameworks: Evidence from Four European Union Countries

Author

Listed:
  • S. A. Drakopoulos

    (University of Athens)

  • I. Theodossiou

    () (University of Aberdeen, Business School, Aberdeen, UK)

  • Sarah Drakopoulou Dodd

    (ALBA Graduate Business School, Athens)

Abstract

This paper reviews important aspects of gender labour market inequalities in four European Union countries. It shows that individual countries differ in many aspects of gender discrimination. It seems that contributing factors to these differences are the national social and economic structures, the level of economic development, the legislative framework and the effectiveness of anti-discriminatory policies. It also shows that there are notable improvements in many gender gap indicators during the recent years and, at least part of the improvement should be attributed to the European commission’s legislative and policy initiatives

Suggested Citation

  • S. A. Drakopoulos & I. Theodossiou & Sarah Drakopoulou Dodd, 2008. "Gender Discrimination and Institutional Frameworks: Evidence from Four European Union Countries," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 1(1), pages 6-36, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:tei:journl:v:1:y:2008:i:1:p:6-36
    as

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    File URL: http://ijbesar.teiemt.gr/docs/volume1_issue1/gender_discrimination.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kostas G. Mavromaras & Helmut Rudolph, 1997. "Wage Discrimination in the Reemployment Process," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 32(4), pages 812-860.
    2. Mincer, Jacob & Polachek, Solomon, 1974. "Family Investment in Human Capital: Earnings of Women," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(2), pages 76-108, Part II, .
    3. Dennis J. Aigner & Glen G. Cain, 1977. "Statistical Theories of Discrimination in Labor Markets," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(2), pages 175-187, January.
    4. Jane Waldfogel, 1998. "Understanding the "Family Gap" in Pay for Women with Children," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(1), pages 137-156, Winter.
    5. Louis Christofides & Panos Pashardes, 2000. "The Gender Wage Gap: A Study of Paid Work in Cyprus," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 14(2), pages 311-330, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender differentials; Pay; Employment;

    JEL classification:

    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General

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