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What is the effect of the financial crisis on venture capital financing? Empirical evidence from US Internet start-ups

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  • Joern Block
  • Philipp Sandner

Abstract

Employing a large dataset of venture capital investments in US Internet firms, we analyse the effect of the current financial crisis on the venture capital market. Using regression analysis, we find that the financial crisis is associated with a 20% decrease in the average amount of funds raised per funding round. This effect, however, can only be found in later funding rounds. We argue that firms in later financing rounds that need capital to survive cannot avoid a deduction induced by the financial crisis, whereas firms that seek initial funding postpone their funding and expansion plans until the capital markets have stabilized. Furthermore, firms in later phases of the venture cycle are more likely to be negatively affected by the weak IPO market than firms seeking initial funding. Our results suggest that the financial crisis can lead to a severe ‘funding gap’ in the financing of technological development and innovation.

Suggested Citation

  • Joern Block & Philipp Sandner, 2009. "What is the effect of the financial crisis on venture capital financing? Empirical evidence from US Internet start-ups," Venture Capital, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(4), pages 295-309, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:veecee:v:11:y:2009:i:4:p:295-309
    DOI: 10.1080/13691060903184803
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Block, Jörn H. & Fisch, Christian O. & Hahn, Alexander & Sandner, Philipp G., 2015. "Why do SMEs file trademarks? Insights from firms in innovative industries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(10), pages 1915-1930.
    2. Joern H. Block & Douglas J. Cumming & Silvio Vismara, 2017. "International perspectives on venture capital and bank finance for entrepreneurial firms," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 44(1), pages 3-22, March.
    3. Marra, Alessandro & Antonelli, Paola & Pozzi, Cesare, 2017. "Emerging green-tech specializations and clusters – A network analysis on technological innovation at the metropolitan level," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 1037-1046.
    4. Massimo G. Colombo & Douglas J. Cumming & Silvio Vismara, 2016. "Governmental venture capital for innovative young firms," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 10-24, February.
    5. F.H.J. Polzin & H.S. Toxopeus & F.C. Stam, 2016. "The wisdom of the crowd in funding: : Information heterogeneity and social networks of crowdfunder," Working Papers 16-15, Utrecht School of Economics.
    6. repec:kap:sbusec:v:50:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-016-9831-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Saghir, Marouan & Aston, John, 2017. "The Impact of Various Economic Factors in accessing Finance within the Business Sector: Cases from UK Financial Services Companies," MPRA Paper 84052, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 May 2017.
    8. Block, Joern H. & Jaskiewicz, Peter & Miller, Danny, 2011. "Ownership versus management effects on performance in family and founder companies: A Bayesian reconciliation," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 232-245.
    9. repec:kap:sbusec:v:50:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-016-9826-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:kap:sbusec:v:50:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-016-9829-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Marra, Alessandro & Antonelli, Paola & Dell’Anna, Luca & Pozzi, Cesare, 2015. "A network analysis using metadata to investigate innovation in clean-tech – Implications for energy policy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 17-26.
    12. Block, Joern H. & De Vries, Geertjan & Schumann, Jan H. & Sandner, Philipp, 2014. "Trademarks and venture capital valuation," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 525-542.
    13. Alexy, O.T. & Block, J.H. & Sandner, P.G. & Ter Wal, A.L.J., 2010. "The Social Capital of Venture Capitalists and Its Impact on the Funding of Start-Up Firms," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2010-028-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    14. Oliver Alexy & Joern Block & Philipp Sandner & Anne Ter Wal, 2012. "Social capital of venture capitalists and start-up funding," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 39(4), pages 835-851, November.
    15. Cumming, Douglas & Henriques, Irene & Sadorsky, Perry, 2016. "‘Cleantech’ venture capital around the world," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 86-97.
    16. repec:ksa:szemle:1754 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. repec:eee:tefoso:v:127:y:2018:i:c:p:112-126 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. F.H.J. Polzin & M.W.J.L. Sanders & Florian Täube, 2017. "A diverse and resilient financial system for investments in the energy transition," Working Papers 17-03, Utrecht School of Economics.

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