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Testing the Hypothesis of Higher Social Capital in Rural Areas: The Case of Denmark

  • Jens F. L. Sørensen
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    Sørensen J. F. L. Testing the hypothesis of higher social capital in rural areas: the case of Denmark, Regional Studies . Rural areas are often seen as uniquely rich on social capital. This paper tests this assumption by using The Danish Values Study (DVS) containing data from questionnaire collections in 1990, 1999 and 2008 ( N = 3560). It uses four social capital measures and a detailed urbanization variable. Association membership, social trust, and institutional trust were found to be equally high in rural and urban areas. Voluntary work in associations, however, was found to be significantly higher in rural areas than in city areas. Thus, the high level of voluntary associational work provides some indication of higher social capital in rural areas. Sørensen J. F. L. 验证农村地区具有较高社会资本的假设:以丹麦为例, 区域研究 。农村地区通常被视为社会资本极度丰富地区。本文利用199 0、1999和2008年进行问卷调查所获取的数据(样本量 = 3560个),通过 丹麦价值观研究方法,验证了这一假设。文章使用了四种社会资本变量和一个详细的 城市化变量。检验结果表明,协会会员资格、社会信任和制度信任在农村地区和城市 地区具有同样的重要程度。但是,农村地区的志愿协会工作显著高于城市地区。因此 ,高程度的志愿协会工作为农村地区具有较高社会资本提供了一些证据。 社会资本 城乡差异 丹麦 Sørensen J. F. L. Vérifier l'hypothèse des niveaux plus élevés de capital social en milieu rural: étude de cas du Danemark, Regional Studies . Souvent, on considère le milieu rural comme particulièrement riche en capital social. À partir de la Danish Values Study (DVS) où figurent des données provenant d'une série de questionnaires réalisées en 1990, 1999 et 2008 ( N = 3560), cet article cherche à vérifier cette supposition. On emploie quatre mesures du capital social et une variable d'urbanisation détaillée. L'appartenance à une association, la confiance sociale et la confiance institutionnelle s'avèrent d'une importance tout aussi élevée en milieu rural comme en zone urbaine. Cependant, le bénévolat associatif s'avère sensiblement plus élevé en milieu rural qu'il ne l'est en zone urbaine. Ainsi, le niveau supérieur du bénévolat associatif fournit une certaine indication du capital social en milieu rural. Capital social Différences urbano-rurales Danemark Sørensen J. F. L. Überprüfung der Hypothese eines höheren Maßes an Sozialkapital in ländlichen Gebieten: der Fall Dänemark, Regional Studies . Von ländlichen Gebieten wird oft angenommen, dass sie über ein einzigartig hohes Maß an Sozialkapital verfügen. In diesem Beitrag wird diese Annahme mit Hilfe der Dänischen Wertestudie untersucht (DWS), die Daten aus Fragebogen-Erhebungen in den Jahren 1990, 1999 und 2008 ( N = 3560) enthält. Zum Einsatz kommen vier Maßstäbe des Sozialkapitals sowie eine detaillierte Urbanisierungsvariable. Die Mitgliedschaft in Vereinen, das soziale Vertrauen und das Vertrauen in Institutionen erwiesen sich in ländlichen und städtischen Gebieten als gleich hoch. Allerdings fiel die Freiwilligenarbeit in Vereinen in ländlichen Gebieten signifikant höher aus als in Städten. Dieses hohe Maß an freiwilliger Vereinsarbeit bietet somit einen gewissen Hinweis auf ein höheres Maß an Sozialkapital in ländlichen Gebieten. Sozialkapital Unterschiede zwischen ländlichen und städtischen Gebieten Dänemark Sørensen J. F. L. Comprobación de la hipótesis de un nivel más alto de capital social en zonas rurales: el caso de Dinamarca, Regional Studies . Muchas veces se considera que las zonas rurales son excepcionalmente ricas en capital social. En este artículo comprobamos esta hipótesis utilizando el Estudio Danés de Valores (EDV) que contiene datos recogidos a partir de encuestas con cuestionarios realizadas en los años 1990, 1999 y 2008 ( N = 3560). Utilizamos cuatro mediciones de capital social y una variable de urbanización detallada. Observamos que la afiliación a una asociación, la confianza social y la confianza institucional eran tan altas en zonas rurales como urbanas. Sin embargo, observamos que el trabajo voluntario en asociaciones era considerablemente más alto en las zonas rurales que en las ciudades. Por ende, el nivel alto del trabajo voluntario en asociaciones ofrece algunos indicios de un nivel más alto de capital social en zonas rurales. Capital social Diferencias entre zonas rurales y urbanas Dinamarca

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 7 (October)
    Pages: 873-891

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:7:p:873-891
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2012.669471
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