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Global Knowledge and Creativity: New Challenges for Firms and Regions

  • Edward Malecki
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    Malecki E. J. Global knowledge and creativity: new challenges for firms and regions, Regional Studies. As companies locate research and development in more places, they seek to tap knowledge in new, open ways, to respond to diverse customer demand and short product life cycles. The globalization of research and development has added costs as firms communicate across national, cultural, and linguistic boundaries, using both information and communication technology networks and face-to-face interaction. Intermediaries in knowledge transfer, such as knowledge brokers and gatekeepers, have become more important as new nodes join the global system of knowledge. As firms respond to the knowledge-based global economy, each region must construct a 'knowledge monopoly' to stand out in the global landscape of capabilities. [image omitted] Malecki E. J. La connaissance et la creativite mondiales: de nouveaux defis pour les entreprises et les regions, Regional Studies. Au fur et a mesure que la localisation des activites de recherche et de developpement des entreprises devient de plus en plus repandue, ces dernieres cherchent a exploiter la connaissance de facons nouvelles et ouvertes afin de repondre a la demande diverse du client et aux cycles de vie courts des produits. La mondialisation de la recherche et du developpement a augmente les frais vu que les entreprises communiquent a travers des limites nationales, culturelles et linguistiques, employant a la fois des reseaux TIC et de l'interaction face a face. Les intermediaires dans le transfert de la connaissance, tels les courtiers et les gardiens, sont devenus plus importants en reponse a l'adhesion des nouveaux noyaux au systeme de connaissance mondiale. Au fur et a mesure que les entreprises repondent a une economie mondiale basee sur la connaissance, chaque region doit construire une 'monopole de connaissance' qui se detache dans le paysage mondial des capacites. Recherche et Developpement Integration des systemes Mondialisation Connaissance Malecki E. J. Globales Wissen und Kreativitat: neue Herausforderungen fur Firmen und Regionen, Regional Studies. Wenn Firmen ihre Forschung und Entwicklung an neuen Standorten ansiedeln, versuchen sie, auf neue und offene Weise Wissen zu nutzen, um auf die verschiedenartigen Bedurfnisse der Kunden und die kurzeren Lebenszyklen der Produkte zu reagieren. Durch die Globalisierung der Forschung und Entwicklung haben sich die Kosten erhoht, da die Firmen nun uber nationale, kulturelle und linguistische Grenzen hinweg kommunizieren, wofur sie sowohl Netzwerke der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie als auch personliche Gesprache nutzen. Die Bedeutung der Vermittler von Wissenstransfer, wie z.�B. Wissensbroker und Gatekeeper, ist gewachsen, da das weltweite Wissenssystem durch neue Knoten erganzt wird. Wahrend die Firmen auf die wissensbasierte globale Wirtschaft reagieren, muss sich jede Region ein 'Wissensmonopol' aufbauen, um in der globalen Landschaft der Fahigkeiten hervorzustehen. Forschung und Entwicklung Systemintegration Globalisierung Wissen Malecki E. J. Conocimiento global y creatividad: nuevos retos para empresas y regiones, Regional Studies. Cuando las empresas ubican los centros de investigacion y desarrollo (I + D) en nuevos lugares, tratan de sacar el mejor provecho del conocimiento con un nuevo enfoque abierto para responder a las distintas demandas de los clientes y a los ciclos de vida mas cortos de los productos. Con la globalizacion de I + D han aumentado los costes porque las empresas se comunican a traves de fronteras nacionales, culturales y linguisticas usando tanto redes de TIC (Tecnologias de la Informacion y la Comunicacion) como interacciones personales. Los intermediarios en la transferencia de conocimientos, tales como agentes y guardianes del conocimiento, han cobrado mas importancia ya que se unen nuevos nodos al sistema global del conocimiento. Dado que las empresas responden a la economia global basada en el conocimiento, cada region debe construir un 'monopolio del conocimiento' para destacar en el panorama global de capacidades. Investigacion y desarrollo Integracion de sistemas Globalizacion Conocimiento

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 1033-1052

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:8:p:1033-1052
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