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Sector Structure and Cluster Economies: A Decomposition of Regional Labour Productivity

  • Jan Oosterhaven
  • Lourens Broersma

Oosterhaven J. and Broersma L. (2007) Sector structure and cluster economies: a decomposition of regional labour productivity, Regional Studies 41, 639-659. The paper shows that regional differences in labour productivity can be decomposed into a sector structure, a cluster economies and a residual regional component. The decomposition is applied to Dutch regional productivity levels and growth rates for 1990-2001. Sector structure accounts for about one-quarter of the differences in both the level and growth of productivity. Cluster economies account for one-quarter of the differences in levels and one-third of the differences in growth rates. Static cluster economies are predominantly positive, whereas positive and negative dynamic cluster economies balance. Econometric analysis shows both components to be statistically highly significant. Oosterhaven J. et Broersma L. (2007) La structure sectorielle et les economies en grappes, Regional Studies 41, 639-659. Cet article cherche a demontrer que l'on peut decomposer les ecarts regionaux de la productivite du travail en une structure sectorielle, des economies en grappes et un residuel regional. On applique la decomposition aux niveaux de productivite et aux taux de croissance regionaux en Hollande pour la periode allant de 1990 jusqu'a 2001. La structure sectorielle explique a peu pres un quart des ecarts du niveau et de la croissance de la productivite. Les economies en grappes expliquent un quart des ecarts des niveaux et un tiers des ecarts des taux de croissance. Les economies en grappes statiques sont largement positives, tandis que les economies en grappes positives et negatives dynamiques ont tendance a s'equilibrer. A partir de l'analyse econometrique, il est evident que les deux composantes sont statistiquement importantes. Productivitedu travail Structure sectorielle Economies d'agglomeration Hollande Oosterhaven J. und Broersma L. (2007) Sektorenstruktur und Cluster-Wirtschaften: eine Aufgliederung der regionalen Arbeitsproduktivitat, Regional Studies 41, 639-659. Es wird gezeigt, dass sich regionale Unterschiede bei der Arbeitsproduktivitat in drei Komponenten aufgliedern lassen: Sektorenstruktur, Clusterwirtschaft und ubrige regionale Faktoren. Diese Gliederung wird auf das regionale Produktivitatsniveau der Niederlande und auf die Wachstumsraten zwischen 1990 und 2001 angewandt. Auf die Sektorenstruktur entfallt ungefahr ein Viertel der Unterschiede beim Niveau und Wachstum der Produktivitat. Auf die Clusterwirtschaft entfallen ungefahr ein Viertel der Unterschiede beim Produktivitatsniveau sowie ein Drittel der Unterschiede beim Produktivitatswachstum. Statische Cluster-Wirtschaften sind uberwiegend positiv, wahrend bei dynamischen Cluster-Wirtschaften positive und negative Komponenten gleich stark ausgepragt sind. Bei einer okonometrischen Analyse zeigt sich, dass beide Komponenten statistisch hochgradig signifikant sind. Arbeitsproduktivitat Sektorenstruktur Agglomerationswirtschaften Niederlande Oosterhaven J. y Broersma L. (2007) Estructura sectorial y las economias de aglomeracion: descomposicion de la productividad laboral regional, Regional Studies 41, 639-659. En este articulo mostramos que las diferencias regionales en la productividad laboral pueden descomponerse en componentes de estructura sectorial, de economias de aglomeracion y de aspectos regionales residuales. Esta descomposicion se aplica a los niveles de productividad regional en Holanda y las tasas de crecimiento para 1990-2001. La estructura sectorial es responsable de aproximadamente un cuarto de las diferencias tanto en los niveles como en el crecimiento de la productividad. Las economias de aglomeracion son responsables de un cuarto de los niveles y un tercio de las diferencias en las tasas de crecimiento. Las economias estaticas de aglomeracion son predominantemente positivas mientras que se equilibran las economias dinamicas de aglomeracion positivas y negativas. Los analisis econometricos muestran que ambos componentes son estadisticamente muy significativos. Productividad laboral Estructura sectorial Economias de aglomeracion Paises Bajos

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 41 (2007)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 639-659

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:5:p:639-659
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