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Regional Implications of North American Integration: A Canadian Perspective on High Technology Manufacturing


  • John Britton


Using questionnaire data the paper outlines structural and performance responses of a sample of Toronto's technology intensive manufacturers to the Canada US Free Trade Agreement (FTA) of 1989 and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) of 1994. Free trade has elicited complex reactions. Those firms with prior global and US export connections, including large and small firms, foreign affiliates and Canadian-owned firms, were better prepared for the new trade regime in their product and production technology. Freer trade has stimulated firms with limited exports to seek improvements in innovation and productivity, foreign affiliates have gained product mandates and increased outsourcing has been one of the production responses. A partir des donnees provenant d'un questionnaire, cet article cherche aesquisser les reponses aux accords de 1989 entre le Canada et les Etats-Unis sur le libre-echange (Canada US Free Trade Agreement - FTA) et aux accords nord-americains de 1994 sur le libre-echange (North American Free Trade Agreement - NAFTA) quant a la structure et ala performance d'un echantillon des entreprises industrielles ahaute technologie situees aToronto. Le libre-echange a suscitedes reactions complexes. Les entreprises qui jouissaient des liens d'exportation internationaux et americains anterieurs, y compris les grandes et les petites entreprises, les filiales a l'etranger, et les entreprises a capital majoritaire canadien, ont ete mieux prepares a la nouvelle facon de vendre leur technolgie de produit et de production. Les echanges plus libres ont incite les entreprises afaible vocation exportatrice a developper l'innovation et a augmenter la productivite, tandis que les filiales a l'etranger ont obtenus des mandats de produit, et que le recours a la sous-traitance a ete l'une des reponses de la production. Dieser Aufsatz verwendet Fragebogendaten, um strukturelle und Leistungsreaktionen ausgewahlter, technologisch intensiv engagierter Torontoer Herstellerfirmen auf das Freihandelsabkommen (Free Trade Agreement FTA) zwischen Kanada und den USA im Jahre 1989 und auf das Nordamerikanische Freihandelsabkommen (North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA) vom Jahre 1994 zu umreissen. Freihandel hat komplexe Reaktionen gezeitigt. Firmen mit bereits bestehenden globalen und US Exportverbindungen, einschliesslich grosser und kleiner Firmen, auslandischer Schwestergesellschaften und Firmen in kanadischem Besitz waren mit ihren Erzeugnissen und ihrer Produktionstechnologie besser auf das neue Handelssystem vorbereitet. Freierer Handel hat Firmen mit begrenztem Export angeregt, Verbesserungen in Innovation und Produktion vorzunehmen, auslandische Schwestergesellschaften haben Auftrage fur ihre Erzeugnisse bekommen, und vermehrte Produktionsverlagerung hat sich als eine der Produktionsreaktiunen erwiesen.

Suggested Citation

  • John Britton, 2002. "Regional Implications of North American Integration: A Canadian Perspective on High Technology Manufacturing," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(4), pages 359-374.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:36:y:2002:i:4:p:359-374
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400220131133

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Susan E. Feinberg & Michael P. Keane & Mario F. Bognanno, 1998. "Trade Liberalization and Delocalization: New Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(4), pages 749-777, November.
    2. Baldwin, John R. & Johnson, Joanne, 1995. "Human Capital Development and Innovation: The Case of Training in Small and Medium Sized Firms," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995074e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    3. David Smallbone Shaw & Andrew Cumbers Shaw & Stephen Syrett Shaw & Roger Leigh, 1999. "The Single European Market and SMEs: A Comparison of its Effects in the Food and Clothing Sectors in the UK and Portugal," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 51-62.
    4. Baldwin, John R., 1995. "Innovation: The Key to Success in Small Firms," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995076e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    5. Chris Freeman & Luc Soete, 1997. "The Economics of Industrial Innovation, 3rd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 3, volume 1, number 0262061953, January.
    6. R Ahern, 1993. "The Role of Strategic Alliances in the International Organization of Industry," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 25(9), pages 1229-1246, September.
    7. R Ahern, 1993. "The role of strategic alliances in the international organization of industry," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 25(9), pages 1229-1246, September.
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