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Trade Liberalization and Delocalization: New Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data

Author

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  • Susan E. Feinberg
  • Michael P. Keane
  • Mario F. Bognanno

Abstract

The authors examine how U.S. multinational corporations (MNCs) and their Canadian affiliates responded to the substantial bilateral tariff reductions that occurred over the 1983-92 period. Using confidential firm-level data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, they focus on the MNCs' allocation of employment and capital across Canada and the United States. The authors find that Canadian affiliate employment and assets were negatively correlated with Canadian tariff rates, a pattern that contradicts the notion that Canadian tariff reductions would lead to a 'hollowing out' of Canadian manufacturing. They also find evidence of substantial heterogeneity in MNCs' responses to tariff changes, even within narrowly defined industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Susan E. Feinberg & Michael P. Keane & Mario F. Bognanno, 1998. "Trade Liberalization and Delocalization: New Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(4), pages 749-777, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:31:y:1998:i:4:p:749-777
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. A. Fedele & A. Mantovani & F. Liucci, 2010. "Credit availability in the crisis: which role for the European Investment Bank Group?," Working Papers 699, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    2. Gangopadhyay, Shubhashis & Mukhopadhyay, Bappaditya, 2002. "Multiple bank lending and seniority in claims," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 7-30.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael P. Keane & Susan E. Feinberg, 2006. "Accounting for the Growth of MNC-Based Trade Using a Structural Model of U.S. MNCs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(5), pages 1515-1558, December.
    2. Qiu, Larry D. & Tao, Zhigang, 2001. "Export, foreign direct investment, and local content requirement," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 101-125, October.
    3. Kjell Erik Lommerud & Frode Meland & Lars S¯rgard, 2003. "Unionised Oligopoly, Trade Liberalisation and Location Choice," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(490), pages 782-800, October.
    4. John Britton, 2002. "Regional Implications of North American Integration: A Canadian Perspective on High Technology Manufacturing," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(4), pages 359-374.
    5. Keane, Michael, 2005. "Comment on "Multinational Firms and Backward Linkages" by Ping Lin and Kamal Saggi," MPRA Paper 63475, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. M. Emranul Haque & Arijit Mukherjee & Burcu Senalp, 2017. "Trade Cost Reduction and Foreign Direct Investment in a Vertical Structure," CESifo Working Paper Series 6689, CESifo Group Munich.
    7. Feinberg, Susan & Keane, Michael, 2005. "Intrafirm Trade of US MNCs: Findings and Implications for Models and Policies Toward Trade and Investment," MPRA Paper 55120, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Mukherjee, Arijit & Suetrong, Kullapat, 2012. "Trade cost reduction and foreign direct investment," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 1938-1945.
    9. Vlad CÂRSTEA, 2015. "Delocalizing The Japanese Automotive Industry And The Romanian Market," Romanian Economic Business Review, Romanian-American University, vol. 10(4), pages 278-283, december.
    10. Marcel Mérette & Evangelia Papadaki & Jorge Hernandez & Yu Lan, 2008. "Foreign Direct Investment Liberalization Between Canada and the USA: A CGE Investigation," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 36(2), pages 195-209, June.
    11. Vlad Cârstea, 2013. "Delocalization – The Automotive Industry’S Answer To Cost Reduction," Romanian Economic Business Review, Romanian-American University, vol. 8(3.1), pages 180-183, September.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General

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