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The 3E methodology for developing performance indicators for public sector organizations


  • W. B. Liu
  • Z. L. Cheng
  • J. Mingers
  • L. Qi
  • W. Meng


Methods currently in use for generating performance indicators have limitations, especially when applied to public sector organizations. This article presents a new methodology for constructing a set of indicators, which was developed as part of a project to evaluate the performance of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The methodology is illustrated with a description of its application in Hunan University.

Suggested Citation

  • W. B. Liu & Z. L. Cheng & J. Mingers & L. Qi & W. Meng, 2010. "The 3E methodology for developing performance indicators for public sector organizations," Public Money & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(5), pages 305-312, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:pubmmg:v:30:y:2010:i:5:p:305-312
    DOI: 10.1080/09540962.2010.509180

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wei Meng & Zhenhua Hu & Wenbin Liu, 2006. "Efficiency evaluation of basic research in China," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 69(1), pages 85-101, October.
    2. J Mingers & W Liu & W Meng, 2009. "Using SSM to structure the identification of inputs and outputs in DEA," Journal of the Operational Research Society, Palgrave Macmillan;The OR Society, vol. 60(2), pages 168-179, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Emerson Mainardes & Mário Raposo & Helena Alves, 2014. "Universities Need a Market Orientation to Attract Non-Traditional Stakeholders as New Financing Sources," Public Organization Review, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 159-171, June.
    2. Jianfei Shen & Fengyun Li & Di Shi & Hongze Li & Xinhua Yu, 2018. "Factors Affecting the Economics of Distributed Natural Gas-Combined Cooling, Heating and Power Systems in China: A Systematic Analysis Based on the Integrated Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Labo," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(9), pages 1-28, September.
    3. Sainaghi, Ruggero & Phillips, Paul & Zavarrone, Emma, 2017. "Performance measurement in tourism firms: A content analytical meta-approach," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 36-56.
    4. Liu, Wenbin B. & Meng, Wei & Mingers, John & Tang, Ning & Wang, Wei, 2012. "Developing a performance management system using soft systems methodology: A Chinese case study," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 223(2), pages 529-540.

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