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Changes in mortality and life expectancy: Some methodological issues

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  • Marcia de Castro

Abstract

Measuring and explaining the effects of mortality changes on life expectancy has been discussed for the past three decades. Different approaches have been proposed using discrete or continuous methods. Two basic ideas underlie these approaches. The first compares two different mortality schedules and quantifies the contribution of each age group to the increase in life expectancy. The second analyzes how the progress in the mortality schedule translates into progress in life expectancy. This paper discusses and compares the approaches proposed by the United Nations (1982), Arriaga (1984), Pollard (1982, 1988), and Vaupel (1986), identifying their problems, advantages, and the types of situations where each one can best be applied.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcia de Castro, 2001. "Changes in mortality and life expectancy: Some methodological issues," Mathematical Population Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3-4), pages 181-208.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:mpopst:v:9:y:2001:i:3-4:p:181-208
    DOI: 10.1080/08898480109525503
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/08898480109525503
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James Vaupel & Anatoli Yashin, 1987. "Repeated resuscitation: How lifesaving alters life tables," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 24(1), pages 123-135, February.
    2. Lloyd Demetrius, 1979. "Relations between demographic parameters," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 16(2), pages 329-338, May.
    3. J. Pollard, 1988. "On the decomposition of changes in expectation of life and differentials in life expectancy," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 25(2), pages 265-276, May.
    4. Eduardo Arriaga, 1984. "Measuring and explaining the change in life expectancies," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 21(1), pages 83-96, February.
    5. Noreen Goldman & Graham Lord, 1986. "A new look at entropy and the life table," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 23(2), pages 275-282, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Günther Fink, 2014. "Disease and Development Revisited," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 122(6), pages 1355-1366.

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