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Changes in mortality and life expectancy: Some methodological issues

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  • Marcia Caldas de Castro

Abstract

Measuring and explaining the effects of mortality changes on life expectancy has been discussed for the past three decades. Different approaches have been proposed using discrete or continuous methods. Two basic ideas underlie these approaches. The first compares two different mortality schedules and quantifies the contribution of each age group to the increase in life expectancy. The second analyzes how the progress in the mortality schedule translates into progress in life expectancy. This paper discusses and compares the approaches proposed by the United Nations (1982), Arriaga (1984), Pollard (1982, 1988), and Vaupel (1986), identifying their problems, advantages, and the types of situations where each one can best be applied.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcia Caldas de Castro, 2001. "Changes in mortality and life expectancy: Some methodological issues," Mathematical Population Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3-4), pages 181-208.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:mpopst:v:9:y:2001:i:3-4:p:181-208
    DOI: 10.1080/08898480109525503
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    Cited by:

    1. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Günther Fink, 2014. "Disease and Development Revisited," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 122(6), pages 1355-1366.

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