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Nationalisation, Privatisation and the dilemmas of common property management in Western Rajasthan


  • N. Shanmugaratnam


Since 1949, the Indian state of Rajasthan has experienced a series of land reforms and other policy interventions which tended to disregard the institutional needs of natural resource management in general and common property resource management in particular. Nationalisation of land and the creation of modern forms of private property for agricultural expansion along with rising population densities have caused continuous decline in availability of common property resources and undermined possibilities for collective action in the arid zone of Rajasthan which occupies a major part of the state. This article reviews the problem of common property resources management in Rajasthan's arid zone from a historical-institutional perspective and provides a microanalysis based on a household survey in two sets of villages. It concludes by highlighting the current dilemmas of common property resource management and indicating possible directions for policy intervention.

Suggested Citation

  • N. Shanmugaratnam, 1996. "Nationalisation, Privatisation and the dilemmas of common property management in Western Rajasthan," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 163-187.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:33:y:1996:i:2:p:163-187
    DOI: 10.1080/00220389608422461

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    Cited by:

    1. Varughese, George & Ostrom, Elinor, 2001. "The Contested Role of Heterogeneity in Collective Action: Some Evidence from Community Forestry in Nepal," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 747-765, May.
    2. Ghosh, Suman & Karaivanov, Alexander, 2007. "Can a raise in your wage make you worse off? A public goods perspective," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 551-571, September.
    3. Baland, Jean-Marie & Platteau, Jean-Philippe, 2003. "Economics of common property management regimes," Handbook of Environmental Economics,in: K. G. Mäler & J. R. Vincent (ed.), Handbook of Environmental Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 4, pages 127-190 Elsevier.
    4. Baland, Jean-Marie & Platteau, Jean-Philippe, 1999. "The Ambiguous Impact of Inequality on Local Resource Management," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 773-788, May.
    5. Adger, W. Neil & Luttrell, Cecilia, 2000. "Property rights and the utilisation of wetlands," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 75-89, October.

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