IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/taf/jdevef/v3y2011i3p340-370.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

What prevents child diarrhoea? The impacts of water supply, toilets, and hand-washing in rural India

Author

Listed:
  • Victoria Yue-May Fan
  • Ajay Mahal

Abstract

The authors apply three matching methods to estimate the impacts of water supply, toilet, and hand-washing interventions on child diarrhoea in rural India. Although propensity-score matching generally retains sample size, it can be associated with imbalance in the variables used to estimate propensity scores between treated and control groups. In contrast, exact matching is balanced over observables between treated and control units, but can result in considerable loss of observations. The authors also apply a novel ‘coarsened exact matching’ method that can potentially address the problem of sample attrition when matching. Their main finding using each of these three methods is that hand-washing, after defecating or before eating, significantly reduces prevalence and duration of a measure of overall diarrhea as well as acute watery diarrhoea among children under age five but not acute dysentery. In contrast, there may also be an effect of piped water on acute dysentery but not acute watery diarrhoea. Effects of improved water supply or improved toilets on different diarrhoeal outcomes are not observed consistently across matching methods.

Suggested Citation

  • Victoria Yue-May Fan & Ajay Mahal, 2011. "What prevents child diarrhoea? The impacts of water supply, toilets, and hand-washing in rural India," Journal of Development Effectiveness, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(3), pages 340-370, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevef:v:3:y:2011:i:3:p:340-370
    DOI: 10.1080/19439342.2011.596941
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/19439342.2011.596941
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gauri Khanna, 2008. "The Impact on Child Health from Access to Water and Sanitation and Other Socioeconomic Factors," IHEID Working Papers 02-2008, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies, revised Jan 2008.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Stephan Klasen & Tobias Lechtenfeld & Kristina Meier & Johannes Rieckmann, 2012. "Benefits trickling away: the health impact of extending access to piped water and sanitation in urban Yemen," Journal of Development Effectiveness, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(4), pages 537-565, December.
    2. Santosh, Kumar & Sebastian, Vollmer, 2011. "Does improved sanitation reduce diarrhea in children in rural India?," MPRA Paper 31804, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Joseph J. Capuno & Carlos Antonio R. Tan, Jr. & Xylee Javier, 2016. "WASH for child health: Some evidence in support of public intervention in the Philippines," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 201611, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
    4. Kotsila, Panagiota & Saravanan, V. Subramanian, 2017. "Biopolitics Gone to Shit? State Narratives versus Everyday Realities of Water and Sanitation in the Mekong Delta," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 374-388.
    5. Sowmya Dhanaraj, 2015. "Determinants of Child Health: An Empirical Analysis," Working Papers 2015-136, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.

    More about this item

    Lists

    This item is featured on the following reading lists or Wikipedia pages:
    1. What prevents child diarrhoea? The impacts of water supply, toilets, and hand-washing in rural India (J Dev Eff 2011) in ReplicationWiki

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:jdevef:v:3:y:2011:i:3:p:340-370. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: http://www.tandfonline.com/RJDE20 .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.