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Indicators of business environment, institutional quality and foreign direct investment in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries


  • Azmat Gani
  • Almukhtar Saif Al-Abri


This paper empirically investigates the effect of five business environment indicators and four measures of institutional quality on FDI inflows in GCC countries. The empirical results reveal that the time required to start a business, the time required to enforce a contract, the time required to register a property and the time required to resolve insolvency are negatively and statistically significantly correlated with FDI inflows. Our findings also confirm that political instability and absence of democracy, in fact, encourages FDI inflows. We conclude that the business environment strongly matters for FDI inflows into the GCC countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Azmat Gani & Almukhtar Saif Al-Abri, 2013. "Indicators of business environment, institutional quality and foreign direct investment in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(4), pages 515-530, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:irapec:v:27:y:2013:i:4:p:515-530
    DOI: 10.1080/02692171.2012.760066

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    Cited by:

    1. Uddin, Moshfique & Chowdhury, Anup & Zafar, Sheeba & Shafique, Sujana & Liu, Jia, 2019. "Institutional determinants of inward FDI: Evidence from Pakistan," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 344-358.
    2. Khaled Elmawazini, 2014. "FDI Spillovers, Efficiency Change and Host Country Labor Productivity: Evidence from GCC Countries," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 42(4), pages 399-411, December.
    3. Aziz, Omar Ghazy, 2018. "Institutional quality and FDI inflows in Arab economies," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 111-123.
    4. Helmi Hammami & Moez Hammami & Siriki Coulibaly & Mariem Marzouk, 2020. "Determinants of FDI attractiveness: A MCI model approach," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 40(2), pages 1033-1048.
    5. Mohamed Abdelaziz Eissa & Mohammed M. Elgammal, 2020. "Foreign Direct Investment Determinants in Oil Exporting Countries: Revisiting the Role of Natural Resources," Journal of Emerging Market Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research, vol. 19(1), pages 33-65, April.

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