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The Impact of Biochemical Oxygen Demand Emissions on Malaysia's Manufacturing Productivity Growth


  • Elsadig Musa Ahmed


This study examines the impact of organic water pollutant biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) emissions on Malaysia's manufacturing sector productivity growth and the factors that determine its growth. Exclusion of externalities such as BOD pollutant emissions created a deficiency in growth accounting models as those BOD pollutant emissions were internalized in order to calculate the green total factor productivity (TFP). The results show a slowdown in the contribution of TFP growth and a negative impact of BOD pollutant emissions produced by the sector on productivity growth in general and TFP growth in particular in comparison with other productivity indictors of the sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Elsadig Musa Ahmed, 2007. "The Impact of Biochemical Oxygen Demand Emissions on Malaysia's Manufacturing Productivity Growth," Global Economic Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(4), pages 305-319.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:glecrv:v:36:y:2007:i:4:p:305-319
    DOI: 10.1080/12265080701694439

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    Cited by:

    1. Ramli, Noor Asiah & Munisamy, Susila, 2015. "Eco-efficiency in greenhouse emissions among manufacturing industries: A range adjusted measure," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 219-227.


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