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The Future European Labor Supply: The Critical Role of the Family


  • Jill Rubery
  • Mark Smith
  • Dominique Anxo
  • Lennart Flood


The European employment strategy initiated in 1997 is critically dependent upon the further integration of women into the labor market. The European Union has set a specific target employment rate for women of 60 percent by 2010 and is also committed to providing more and better child care facilities. This gender focus is reinforced by the requirement for gender mainstreaming in all aspects of European employment policy. There is an implied Europe-wide, universal policy of encouraging female labor-market participation and reducing the care work performed by domestic labor. However, the European Commission continues to have limited competence in areas of family, social, and welfare policy. As a result, these common employment objectives for women are thus being pursued against a background of quite different systems of social, family, welfare, and indeed labor-market organization. These systems have different economic and employment implications, such that the outcomes of the common European employment strategy will also be highly variable.

Suggested Citation

  • Jill Rubery & Mark Smith & Dominique Anxo & Lennart Flood, 2001. "The Future European Labor Supply: The Critical Role of the Family," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(3), pages 33-69.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:7:y:2001:i:3:p:33-69
    DOI: 10.1080/13545700110088359

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bettio, Francesca & Villa, Paola, 1998. "A Mediterranean Perspective on the Breakdown of the Relationship between Participation and Fertility," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 22(2), pages 137-171, March.
    2. Blau, Francine D & Kahn, Lawrence M, 1992. "The Gender Earnings Gap: Learning from International Comparisons," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 533-538, May.
    3. Maria Jepsen & Danièle Meulders & Olivier Plasman & Philippe Vanhuynegem, 1997. "Individualisation of the social and fiscal rights and the equal opportunities between women and men," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/8607, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kotsadam, Andreas, 2009. "Effects of informal eldercare on female labor supply in different European welfare states," Working Papers in Economics 353, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.

    More about this item


    Gender; Family; Employment; Europe; Policy; Labor Supply;


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