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Retirement and Grandchild Care in Urban China


  • Jin Feng
  • Xiaohan Zhang


This study estimates the causal effect of retirement on grandchild care in urban China. It utilizes the exogenous variations in retirement status caused by China’s mandatory retirement-age policy. Drawing on the data of individuals close to retirement age from the 2011 and 2013 waves of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), the analysis shows a statistically significant increase of 29 percentage points in the provision of grandchild care after the transition to retirement for women and a 21 percentage-point increase for men. Moreover, the study finds that grandchild care is demand driven for men and supply driven for women. It also finds that women with lower education levels have a lower probability of retirement after reaching eligible age but are more likely to provide grandchild care after retirement.

Suggested Citation

  • Jin Feng & Xiaohan Zhang, 2018. "Retirement and Grandchild Care in Urban China," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(2), pages 240-264, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:24:y:2018:i:2:p:240-264
    DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2017.1370120

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    Cited by:

    1. Eiji Yamamura, 2021. "View about consumption tax and grandchildren," Papers 2102.04658,
    2. de Bruin, Anne & Liu, Na, 2020. "The urbanization-household gender inequality nexus: Evidence from time allocation in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    3. Feng, Jin & Li, Qin & Smith, James P., 2020. "Retirement effect on health status and health behaviors in urban China," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    4. Lei, Xiaoyan & Liu, Hong, 2018. "Gender difference in the impact of retirement on cognitive abilities: Evidence from urban China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 1425-1446.

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