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The impact of defence spending on the economic growth of developing countries: A cross-section study

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  • Hannah Galvin

Abstract

This study analyses the defence-growth relationship for 64 developing economies using cross-section data. It analyses the impact of military expenditure on economic growth with a demand and supply side model using simultaneous equation methodologies (2SLS and 3SLS). The empirical results, bearing in mind the possible inaccuracies of the data set and given the chosen model, suggest that defence spending has a negative impact on both the rate of economic growth and the savings-income ratio. Yet it also indicates that the effect is greater for middle-income nations which may have less to gain from defence sector spill-overs. The results also indicate that strategic factors, as much as economic constraints, determine defence spending in developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Hannah Galvin, 2003. "The impact of defence spending on the economic growth of developing countries: A cross-section study," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(1), pages 51-59.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:defpea:v:14:y:2003:i:1:p:51-59
    DOI: 10.1080/10242690302932
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    Cited by:

    1. Tsangyao Chang & Chien-Chiang Lee & Hsiao-Ping Chu, 2015. "Revisiting the Defense-Growth nexus in European countries," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(3), pages 341-356, June.
    2. repec:jed:journl:v:42:y:2017:i:2:p:51-66 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ganegodage, K. Renuka & Rambaldi, Alicia N., 2014. "Economic consequences of war: Evidence from Sri Lanka," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 42-53.
    4. Hsien-Hung Kung & Jennifer C. H. Min, 2013. "Military Spending and Economic Growth Nexus in Sixteen Latin and South American Countries: A Bootstrap Panel Causality Test," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 171-185, December.
    5. Alptekin, Aynur & Levine, Paul, 2012. "Military expenditure and economic growth: A meta-analysis," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 636-650.
    6. Tiwari, Aviral & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2011. "Does Defence Spending Stimulate Economic Growth in India?," MPRA Paper 30880, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 18 Apr 2011.
    7. Hou Na & Chen Bo, 2014. "Military Expenditure and Investment in OECD Countries: Revisited," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 20(4), pages 1-10, December.
    8. Chang, Hsin-Chen & Huang, Bwo-Nung & Yang, Chin Wei, 2011. "Military expenditure and economic growth across different groups: A dynamic panel Granger-causality approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 2416-2423.
    9. Hou Na & Chen Bo, 2014. "Military Spending and Economic Growth in An Augmented Solow Model: A Panel Data Investigation for OECD Countries," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 20(3), pages 1-15, August.
    10. Halicioglu Ferda, 2005. "An Econometric Analysis Of The Effects Of Aggregate Defense Spending On Aggregate Output: The Case Of Turkey, 1950-2002," Macroeconomics 0503009, EconWPA.
    11. Bassam AbuAl-Foul, "undated". "Military Spending and Economic Growth: Evidence from Jordan," Economics Working Papers 19-04/2014, School of Business Administration, American University of Sharjah.
    12. Selvanathan, Saroja & Selvanathan, Eliyathamby A, 2014. "Defence expenditure and economic growth: A case study of Sri Lanka using causality analysis," International Journal of Development and Conflict, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, vol. 4(2), pages 69-76.
    13. Na Hou & Bo Chen, 2013. "Military Expenditure And Economic Growth In Developing Countries: Evidence From System Gmm Estimates," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(3), pages 183-193, June.
    14. F.M.Shaikh, 2007. "Role Of Pakistani Women In Sme Compare With Developed Countries. A Comparative Analysis," JOURNAL STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI NEGOTIA, Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Business.
    15. Fiaz Hussain & Shahzad Hussain & Naila Erum, 2015. "Are Defense Expenditures Pro Poor or Anti Poor in Pakistan? An Empirical Investigation," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 54(4), pages 875-894.
    16. Albert Wijeweera & Matthew J. Webb, 2012. "Using the Feder-Ram and Military Keynesian Models to Examine the Link Between Defence Spending and Economic Growth in Sri Lanka," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(3), pages 303-311, May.
    17. Chen, Pei-Fen & Lee, Chien-Chiang & Chiu, Yi-Bin, 2014. "The nexus between defense expenditure and economic growth: New global evidence," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 474-483.
    18. Hirnissa, M.T & Habibullah, M.S. & Baharom, A.H., 2008. "Military and Economic Growth in ASEAN-5 Countries," MPRA Paper 13108, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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