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Business expenditures on R&D and trade performances in Australia: is there a link?

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  • Ruhul Salim
  • Harry Bloch

Abstract

This article, empirically examines the dynamic causal link between business research and development (R&D) expenditures and trade performance in Australia. Based on cointegration and error-correction modelling, Granger causality tests, variance decomposition and impulse response functions are used for this purpose. The results show that a long-run relationship exists between the trade variables and R&D expenditure and a unidirectional causality run from R&D expenditure to exports, imports and net exports. Further, the variance decomposition and impulse response functions confirm that, a significant portion of fluctuations in the trade variables beyond the sample period is explained by R&D expenditure. Therefore, government policies that lift expenditures on business R&D are shown to contribute to the narrowing of Australia's chronic trade deficits.

Suggested Citation

  • Ruhul Salim & Harry Bloch, 2009. "Business expenditures on R&D and trade performances in Australia: is there a link?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(3), pages 351-361.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:41:y:2009:i:3:p:351-361
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840601007302
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bloch, Harry & Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa & Salim, Ruhul, 2015. "Economic growth with coal, oil and renewable energy consumption in China: Prospects for fuel substitution," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 104-115.
    2. Bloch, Harry & Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa & Salim, Ruhul, 2012. "Coal consumption, CO2 emission and economic growth in China: Empirical evidence and policy responses," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 518-528.
    3. Rodil, Óscar & Vence, Xavier & Sánchez, María del Carmen, 2016. "The relationship between innovation and export behaviour: The case of Galician firms," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 113(PB), pages 248-265.
    4. Richard Harris & John Moffat, 2011. "R&D, Innovation and Exporting," SERC Discussion Papers 0073, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    5. Asongu, Simplice, 2017. "Mobile Phone Innovation and Technology-driven Exports in Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 84040, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised May 2017.
    6. Simplice Asongu & Ndemaze Asongu, 2017. "The role of mobile phones in governance-driven technology exports in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers 17/036, African Governance and Development Institute..
    7. Kishor Sharma & Pemasiri J. Gunawardana, 2012. "The role of price and nonprice factors in predicting Australia's trade performance," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(21), pages 2679-2686, July.
    8. Ruhul A. Salim & Shuddhasattwa Rafiq & A. F. M. Kamrul Hassan, 2008. "Causality And Dynamics Of Energy Consumption And Output: Evidence From Non-Oecd Asian Countries," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 33(2), pages 1-26, December.
    9. Rafiq, Shuddhasawtta & Salim, Ruhul & Bloch, Harry, 2009. "Impact of crude oil price volatility on economic activities: An empirical investigation in the Thai economy," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 121-132, September.

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