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Welfare impacts of equal-yield tax reforms in the UK economy

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  • Keshab Bhattarai

Abstract

A multisectoral dynamic general equilibrium tax model with and without announcement effects for open and closed capital markets is used to evaluate efficiency gains and transitional effects from equal-yield tax reforms for seven different taxes in the UK economy. Impacts of an unanticipated tax reform on investment, capital accumulation, output and employment are compared to those of anticipated tax reforms. Households, producers, traders, investors and the government are found to be more capable of adjusting their economic behaviour when tax announcements are made in advance. In equal-yield tax experiments welfare gains up to 1.4% of base year GDP can occur by removing distortions in taxes. Welfare loss of up to 2.05% of it can happen if a less distortionary tax, such as the labour income tax is replaced by more distortionary taxes. These simulation results hold whether the capital markets are closed or open.

Suggested Citation

  • Keshab Bhattarai, 2007. "Welfare impacts of equal-yield tax reforms in the UK economy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(12), pages 1545-1563.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:39:y:2007:i:12:p:1545-1563
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840600571100
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ballard, Charles L. & Fullerton, Don & Shoven, John B. & Whalley, John, 2009. "A General Equilibrium Model for Tax Policy Evaluation," National Bureau of Economic Research Books, University of Chicago Press, number 9780226036335, September.
    2. Charles L. Ballard & Don Fullerton & John B. Shoven & John Whalley, 1985. "Introduction to "A General Equilibrium Model for Tax Policy Evaluation"," NBER Chapters, in: A General Equilibrium Model for Tax Policy Evaluation, pages 1-5, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Keshab Raj Bhattarai, "undated". "Capital Accumulation, Growth and Redistribution: General Equilibrium Impacts of Energy and Pollution Taxes in UK," Energy and Environmental Modeling 2007 24000005, EcoMod.
    2. Lennox, James & Parrado, Ramiro, 2015. "Capital-embodied Technologies in CGE Models," Climate Change and Sustainable Development 196998, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    3. Javier Ferri & María Luisa Moltó & Ezequiel Uriel, 2009. "Time Use and Food Taxation in Spain," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 65(3), pages 313-334, September.
    4. Keshab Bhattarai, 2007. "Input–Output and General Equilibrium Models for Hull and Humber Region in England," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 35(4), pages 473-490, December.
    5. repec:eee:ecmode:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:529-542 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Keshab Bhattarai & Jonathan Haughton & David G. Tuerck, 2016. "The economic effects of the fair tax: analysis of results of a dynamic CGE model of the US economy," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 13(3), pages 451-466, July.
    7. Keshab BHATTARAI, "undated". "General Equilibrium with Unemployment: Theory and Application," EcoMod2008 23800013, EcoMod.
    8. Keshab Raj Bhattarai, "undated". "Analyses of Poverty and Income Redistribution," EcoMod2007 23900007, EcoMod.
    9. Basil Dalamagas & Stelios Kotsios, 2012. "A macroeconomic approach to the income-tax work-effort relationship," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(3), pages 349-366, February.
    10. Mastronardi, Leonardo Javier, 2013. "Federalismo fiscal en Argentina: Un análisis de efectos spillover mediante un CGE regional
      [Fiscal Federalism in Argentina: An analysis of spillover effects using a regional CGE]
      ," MPRA Paper 54376, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Keshab Raj Bhattarai & Jonathan Haughton & David Tuerck, 2015. "Fiscal Policy, Growth and Income Distribution in the UK and the US," EcoMod2015 8607, EcoMod.

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