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Measuring the effectiveness of voluntary emission reduction programmes

Author

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  • Ronald Cummings
  • Mary Beth Walker

Abstract

This paper examines the evaluation of state environmental policies aimed at reducing ground level ozone in order to meet air quality standards set by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Several states with metropolitan areas that violate federal air quality regulations have adopted voluntary emission reduction programmes. These programmes focus on emissions from mobile sources, with the chief source being the automobile. States are allowed to claim credit towards bringing their metro areas closer to compliance with regulations only if they can provide credible evidence that these voluntary programmes are successful in reducing emissions. A model is developed to forecast aggregate traffic volumes so that one can assess the impact of the programme in reducing traffic flows during 'Ozone Action Days'. Background information on the difficulties of measuring the ozone problem and on the recent policies adopted by the US EPA is provided. Using data from the Atlanta, Georgia metropolitan area, the accuracy of the model is demonstrated and preliminary analysis of whether the programmes which began in the summer of 1998 has had the desired impact is provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronald Cummings & Mary Beth Walker, 2000. "Measuring the effectiveness of voluntary emission reduction programmes," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(13), pages 1719-1726.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:32:y:2000:i:13:p:1719-1726
    DOI: 10.1080/000368400421066
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Giovanis, Eleftherios, 2014. "Evaluation of Ozone Smog Alerts on Actual Ozone Concentrations:A Case study in North Carolina," MPRA Paper 64401, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Steven Sexton, 2012. "Paying for Pollution? How General Equilibrium Effects Undermine the “Spare the Air” Program," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 53(4), pages 553-575, December.
    3. Maureen Cropper & Yi Jiang & Anna Alberini & Patrick Baur, 2014. "Getting Cars Off the Road: The Cost-Effectiveness of an Episodic Pollution Control Program," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 57(1), pages 117-143, January.
    4. Saberian, Soodeh & Heyes, Anthony & Rivers, Nicholas, 2017. "Alerts work! Air quality warnings and cycling," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 165-185.
    5. Anna Alberini, Silvia Banfi, and Celine Ramseier, 2013. "Energy Efficiency Investments in the Home: Swiss Homeowners and Expectations about Future Energy Prices," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 1).
    6. Anna Alberini & Silvia Banfi & Celine Ramseier, 2011. "Energy Efficiency Investments in the Home: Swiss Homeowners and Expectations about Future Energy Prices," CEPE Working paper series 11-80, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
    7. Tribby, Calvin P. & Miller, Harvey J. & Song, Ying & Smith, Ken R., 2013. "Do air quality alerts reduce traffic? An analysis of traffic data from the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, Utah, USA," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 173-185.
    8. Cutter, W. Bowman & Neidell, Matthew, 2009. "Voluntary information programs and environmental regulation: Evidence from 'Spare the Air'," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 58(3), pages 253-265, November.
    9. Sexton, Steven E., 2010. "Rationing Public Goods by Cooperation or Pecuniary Incentives: Evidence from the Spare-the-Air Program," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt5xs9r6t8, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.

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