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Valuing catastrophe bonds by Monte Carlo simulations

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  • Victor Vaugirard

Abstract

This paper reports fairly accurate simulations of insurance-linked securities within an arbitrage-free framework, while accounting for catastrophic events and allowing for stochastic interest rates. Assessing these contingent claims exhibits features of instability rooted in the discontinuity of the payoffs of binary options around their threshold, which is magnified by possible jumps in their underlying dynamics. The error made while simulating path-dependent digital options whose underlyings obey geometric Brownian motion is used to control the estimation of digital options whose underlyings follow jump-diffusion processes. Comparative statics results highlight the hump shape of the term structure of catbond yield spreads.

Suggested Citation

  • Victor Vaugirard, 2003. "Valuing catastrophe bonds by Monte Carlo simulations," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 75-90.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apmtfi:v:10:y:2003:i:1:p:75-90
    DOI: 10.1080/1350486032000079741
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Longstaff, Francis A & Schwartz, Eduardo S, 1995. " A Simple Approach to Valuing Risky Fixed and Floating Rate Debt," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(3), pages 789-819, July.
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    4. Vasicek, Oldrich, 1977. "An equilibrium characterization of the term structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 177-188, November.
    5. Merton, Robert C., 1976. "Option pricing when underlying stock returns are discontinuous," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(1-2), pages 125-144.
    6. Naik, Vasanttilak & Lee, Moon, 1990. "General Equilibrium Pricing of Options on the Market Portfolio with Discontinuous Returns," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 3(4), pages 493-521.
    7. Froot, Kenneth A., 2001. "The market for catastrophe risk: a clinical examination," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2-3), pages 529-571, May.
    8. Boyle, Phelim & Broadie, Mark & Glasserman, Paul, 1997. "Monte Carlo methods for security pricing," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 21(8-9), pages 1267-1321, June.
    9. Patrice Poncet & Victor Vaugirard, 2001. "The valuation of nature-linked bonds with exchange rate risk," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 25(3), pages 293-307, September.
    10. Vasicek, Oldrich Alfonso, 1977. "Abstract: An Equilibrium Characterization of the Term Structure," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(04), pages 627-627, November.
    11. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1978. "Asset Prices in an Exchange Economy," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1429-1445, November.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ma, Zong-Gang & Ma, Chao-Qun, 2013. "Pricing catastrophe risk bonds: A mixed approximation method," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 243-254.
    2. Braun, Alexander, 2011. "Pricing catastrophe swaps: A contingent claims approach," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 520-536.
    3. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1483 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Lai, Van Son & Parcollet, Mathieu & Lamond, Bernard F., 2014. "The valuation of catastrophe bonds with exposure to currency exchange risk," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 243-252.
    5. repec:pdc:jrnbeh:v:14:y:2018:i:2:p:256-267 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Brenda López Cabrera, 2010. "Calibrating CAT Bonds for Mexican Earthquakes," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 77(3), pages 625-650, September.
    7. Lev Eppelbaum, 2013. "Non-stochastic long-term prediction model for US tornado level," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 69(3), pages 2269-2278, December.

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