IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Identifying and evaluating horizontal support and resistance levels: an empirical study on US stock markets

Listed author(s):
  • Achilleas Zapranis
  • Prodromos E. Tsinaslanidis
Registered author(s):

    We propose a novel rule-based mechanism that identifies Horizontal Support And Resistance (HSAR) levels. The novelty of this system resides in the manner it encloses principles, found in well known technical manuals, used for the identification via visual assessment. The drawing of these levels derives from historical locals, rather than denoting support (resistance) levels from the lowest (highest) price levels of precedent constant time intervals. We further proceed in evaluating whether these levels are efficient trend-reversal predictors, and if they can generate systematic abnormal returns. The dataset used includes adjusted for dividends and splits, daily closing prices of stocks listed on National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation (NASDAQ) and New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) for the last 2 decades. Our results are aligned with the efficient market hypothesis. More concretely, support levels outperform resistance ones in predicting trend interruptions but they fail to generate excess returns when they are compared with simple buy-and-hold strategies.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Financial Economics.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 19 (October)
    Pages: 1571-1585

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:22:y:2012:i:19:p:1571-1585
    DOI: 10.1080/09603107.2012.663469
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    Order Information: Web:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:22:y:2012:i:19:p:1571-1585. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.