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Ricardian equivalence, budget deficits, and saving in the United States, 1955:1-1991:4


  • Richard Cebula
  • Chao-Shun Hung
  • Neela Manage


The Ricardian equivalent theory is examined by dichotemizing the total US federal budget deficit into its structural (exogeneous) and cyclical (endogeneous) components. The former is hypothesized to be the expected, planned deficit, whereas the latter is viewed as the unpredictable, unplanned, unexpected deficit. Instrumental variables estimates for the periods 1955-1991 and 1973-1991 find that structural deficits elicit increased saving but cyclical deficits do not. Thus, the findings indicate support for a partially Ricardian equivalent world: saving only partially offsets budget deficits.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Cebula & Chao-Shun Hung & Neela Manage, 1996. "Ricardian equivalence, budget deficits, and saving in the United States, 1955:1-1991:4," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(8), pages 525-528.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:3:y:1996:i:8:p:525-528
    DOI: 10.1080/135048596356168

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    Cited by:

    1. Yoichi Matsubayashi & Takao Fujii, 2012. "Substitutability of Savings by Sectors: OECD Experiences," Discussion Papers 1215, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.

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